Monthly Archives: August 2014

Omega-3 versus Omega-6 Fatty Acids






The story of Omega-3 versus Omega-6 fatty acids for our health stated in its simplest form (Gunnars, 2014):

  • A diet low in Omega-3s but high in Omega-6 but low in Omega-3 produces excessive inflammation.
  • A diet that includes a balanced amount of each reduces inflammation.
  • People eating the Standard American Diet (SAD) are consuming a much higher level of Omega-6s relative to Omega-3s and the excessive inflammation resulting from this imbalance causes a whole range of serious health problems – including heart disease, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, arthritis, Alzheimers, many types of cancers, and others.
  • Metabolic Syndrome: Conditions occurring together (high blood pressure, high blood sugar level, excess fat around the waist, abnormal cholesterol levels) that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.


Both Omega-6 and Omega-3 essential fatty acids are poly-unsaturated types of oils the human body doesn’t have the enzymes to produce for itself so we must get them from our diets or supplements.
These types of fatty acids differ from most other fats in that they are not simply used for energy. They are biologically active, playing essential roles in processes such as blood clotting and inflammation.
Without both Omega-3s and Omega-6s in proper ratio, we are highly likely to become sick.













Omega-3 essential fatty acids support heart, brain and mental health; reduce cancer risk and help cancer patients recover; help prevent and ease arthritis; reduce the risk of eye problems; and keep the skin and scalp healthy.



Omega-3s and Heart Health. (Source:
  1. Help lower cholesterol levels
  2. Reduce triglycerides (unhealthy fats in the blood) by as much as 30%. High triglyceride levels are linked to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
  3. Decrease the risk of arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeats) which can lead to sudden death
  4. Can help prevent blood clots from forming, breaking off and blocking an artery to the heart (causing a heart attack) or an artery to the brain (causing a stroke
  5. Can slightly lower blood pressure – high blood pressure is another risk factor for heart disease.
  6. Reduce inflammation all over the body, helping prevent blocked arteries.
  7. Prevent the re-narrowing (re-stenosis) of coronary arteries after angioplasty surgery.








  1. Fish oils, high in Omega-3 fatty acids, have been found to suppress the grown of certain types of cancers in animals.
  2. May reduce the risk of hormone-fueled cancers such as breast cancer
  3. May inhibit the growth of lung, prostate and colorectal cancers.
  4. May help cancer patients survive their disease
  5. Since there is a known link between excessive inflammation in the body and the development of certain cancers, Omega-3s likely reduce the risk of developing all cancers.






Omega-3 is a crucial nutrient for the brain and for good mental health. Countries where people eat more fish have fewer cases of depression. (Source:
Omega-3 fatty acid is a crucial nutrient for the brain and for good mental health. Countries where people eat more fish report fewer cases of depression. (Source:



  1. Omega-3 fatty acids promote blood flow in the brain and are essential for brain health.
  2. People getting insufficient Omega-3s in their diet are at increased risk of developing dementia, depression, ADD, dyslexia and schizophrenia.
  3. Omega-3s keep the synapses (tiny gaps across which nerve impulses must pass) in the brain working properly. Nerve impulses need to get through the membrane surrounding the neurons in the brain – and the cell membranes are made mostly of fats, including Omega-3s.
  4. Omega-3 fatty acids improve learning and memory.
  5. They improve mood in people who are depressed.
  6. They fight age-related cognitive decline due to dementia.
  7. Infants require DHA so their brains develop properly, especially during the first two years of life.
  8. A study found that babies born to mother with higher DHA blood levels scored higher on tests of attention and learning than those whose mothers had lower DHA levels.
  9. Another study found that children of mothers who had taken fish oil supplements during pregnancy had higher IQs than the children of mothers who took a placebo.





Cauliflower for Arthritis: A cup of cauliflower contains 0.2 grams of Omega-3s - 8% of the recommended daily value.  (Source:
Roasted Cauliflower for Arthritis: A cup of cauliflower contains 0.2 grams of Omega-3s – 8% of the recommended daily value. (Source:


  1. Arthritis is the result of the immune system’s autoimmune (abnormal) response to the body’s own joints – as if they were infectious agents, foreign invaders needing to be destroyed. The resulting inflammation produces swollen, stiff, painful joints.
  2. Omega-3 fatty acids reduce inflammation throughout the body.
  3. The body also converts Omega-3s to even more potent anti-inflammatory compounds such as resolvins (a family of bioactive products).
  4. Arthritic patients taking Omega-3s have been able to reduce – or even stop – using corticosteroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).




Foods containing Omega-3 fatty acids (including salmon, flax seeds, and walnuts)  have been known to give skin an almost instant glow.
Foods containing Omega-3 fatty acids (including salmon, flax seeds, and walnuts) have been known to give skin an almost instant glow.
  1. Omega-3 fatty acids, especially eisosapentaenoic acid (EPA), are essential for healthy skin and hair. EPA helps regulate oil production, keeping the skin hydrated.
  2. Omega-3s protect the skin from damaging ultraviolet (UV) radiation  from the sun. UV exposure produces harmful substances called free radicals, which damage cells and can lead to premature aging and cancer. Omega-3s act as an antioxidant protecting the body from these free radicals.
  3. Omega-3s also help repair skin damage by preventing the release of enzymes that destroy collagen.
  4. Research suggests that Omega-3’s help prevent certain types of skin cancer.
  5. The anti-inflammatory properties of Omega-3s help relieve  autoimmune responses expressed through the skin – such as rosacea, psoriasis and eczema.
  6. Insufficient Omega-3 levels can cause the scalp to get dry and flaky (dandruff) and the hair to lose its luster.
  7. Omega-3s can also be given to pets to improve their skin and coat health.




“Omega-3 fatty acids are most important, as they bring balance to our hormones, reduce inflammation, regulate our blood sugar, prevent blood clotting, keep our cholesterol and triglycerides in balance, relax our blood vessels, and and make our cells healthy and resilient.”
– The Natural Hormone Makeover by Phuli Cohan









The principal Omega-3 essential fatty acids (EFA’s) are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid ( DHA), primarily found in certain fish. α-Linolenic acid (ALA), another Omega-3 fatty acid, is found in plants such as nuts and seeds.
Wikipedia’s entry for Omega-3 fatty acid lists these as the most common Omega-3 fatty acids found in nature (Wikipedia, 8/28/2014):

Hexadecatrienoic acid (HTA)
α-Linolenic acid (ALA)
Stearidonic acid (SDA)
Eicosatrienoic acid (ETE)
Eicosatetraenoic acid (ETA)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
Heneicosapentaenoic acid (HPA)
Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), Clupanodonic acid
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
Tetracosapentaenoic acid
Tetracosahexaenoic acid (Nisinic acid)










Food Sources of Omega-3's
Food Sources of Omega-3’s



Foods high in Omega-3s are naturally delicious to the palate.
Foods Rich in Omega-3s:
  • Halibut
  • Herring
  • Mackerel
  • Oysters
  • Salmon
  • Sardines
  • Trout
  • Tuna(fresh)



Vegetables, especially green leafy ones, are rich in ALA, a form of Omega-3 fatty acids. Although ALA isn’t as powerful as the other Omega-3 fatty acids, DHA and EPA, these vegetables also have fiber and other nutrients, as well as Omega-3s.

  • Brussels sprouts
  • Kale
  • Mint
  • Parsley
  • Spinach
  • Watercress


  • Canola oil
  • Cod liver oil
  • Flaxseed oil
  • Mustard oil
  • Soybean oil
  • Walnut oil
Here are some charts to help you make good choices.






SOURCES OF OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS:  ALA , EPA and DHA are most common Omega-3 fatty acids, generally found in sea food.   (Source:
ALA , EPA and DHA are most common Omega-3 fatty acids, generally found in sea food. (Source:




9 FOODS RICH IN OMEGA-3s  Foods that are rich in Omega-3 fats, fiber and antioxidants top the list of foods to include in your diet.  (Source:  mollymorgan-nutritionexpert.blogspot)
Foods that are rich in Omega-3 fats, fiber and antioxidants top the list of foods to include in your diet. (Source: mollymorgan-nutritionexpert.blogspot)




A list of seafood containing Omega-3's: Seafood sources of Omega-3 Fatty Acids. (Source:
Seafood sources of Omega-3 Fatty Acids. (Source:



You can check out the Omega-3 foods you commonly eat on SELFNutritionData’s comprehensive list of the FOODS HIGHEST IN TOTAL OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.  (Millen, 2014-a)



Vegetarians and vegans can obtain adequate levels of Omega-3s without eating fish or fish oil-based supplements.
The table below summarizes some of the basic relationships between Omega-3s and types of diet:
Diet Type ALA Food Sources EPA and DHA Food Sources
Vegan many plants sea plants; possibly land plant foods when fermented with the help of certain fungi
Generally vegetarian but including fish many plants and most fish eggs, cheese, milk, and yogurt, especially when obtained from grass-fed animals but in varying amounts depending on additional factors; possibly land plant foods when fermented with the help of certain fungi
Generally vegetarian but including eggs, cheese, milk and yogurt (without fish, sea plants, or meat) many plants; eggs, cheese, milk, and yogurt most fish; sea plants; possibly land plant foods when fermented with the help of certain fungi
Plant-eating and meat-eating (but without fish or sea plants) many plants; many meats many meats, especially when obtained from grass-fed animals, but in varying amounts, depending on additional factors; possibly land plant foods when fermented with the help of certain fungi
Source:  The George Mateljan Foundation









The evening primrose flower (O. biennis) produces an oil containing a high content of γ-linolenic acid, a type of Omega−6 fatty acid.
The evening primrose flower (O. biennis) produces an oil containing a high content of γ-linolenic acid, a type of Omega−6 fatty acid.





Elevated Omega-6 intakes are associated with an increase in ALL inflammatory diseases – which is to say virtually all diseases. The list includes – but isn’t limited to (Kresser, 2014?):


  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Type 2 Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Metabolic Syndrome
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
  • Macular Degeneration
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Asthma
  • Allergies
  • Cancer
  • Psychiatric Disorders
  • All Autoimmune Diseases
For more information on the role of inflammation in the development of disease, see INFLAMMATION.  For a list of  80 autoimmune and autoimmune related diseases, see AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS.


Four major food oils (palm, soybean, rapeseed and sunflower) provide more than 100 million metric tons annually, yielding over 32 million metric tons of Omega-6 linoleic acid (LA) and 4 million metric tons of Omega-3 alpha-linoleic acid (ALA).
Dietary sources of Omega-6 fatty acids include:
 (Wikipedia, 7/19/2014)





33 66



A distorted ratio of Omega-6 to Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is a hallmark of the Western diet – and one of its most damaging characteristics.  The Standard American Diet (bearing the apt acronym ‘SAD’) has us consuming huge amounts of Omega-6s and way too few Omega-3s.



Americans eat too little Omega 3 and way too much Omega 6 (Source:

The Standard American Diet (SAD)  –  too little Omega-3 and way too much Omega-6



Our Omega-6 to Omega-3 ratio tends to be 25 times higher than it should be. Small wonder we are ill with ailments from allergies to heart disease to cancers. (Kresser, 2014?)
Omega-6 is pro-inflammatory. Omega-3s are neutral. Diets containing a lot of Omega-6 and little Omega-3 increase inflammation. Diets containing a lot of Omega-3 and little Omega-6 reduce inflammation.
The human body requires both Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids to perform many essential functions.
Omega-6 is found mostly in plant oils such as corn, soybean, and sunflower oils as well as in nuts and seeds. The American Heart Association recommends we consume about 5-10% of our food calories from Omega-6 fatty acids.
Omega-3s come primarily from fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, mackerel as well as from walnuts and flax seeds. The American Heart Association recommends that people without coronary heart disease have at least two servings of fatty fish per week. They recommend that people with known coronary heart disease eat more, about 1 gram of EPA and DHA daily, preferably from fatty fish. (Jaret, 2014)


This chart shows how Omega-6 fatty acids promote inflammation in the body and how Omega-3s are anti-inflammatory. Omega-6 contains linoleic acid (LA) while Omega-3s contain alpha-linoleic acid (ALA) yielding EPA and DHA.
FATTY ACID PATHWAYS IN THE BODY: How OMEGA-6 fatty acids become inflammatory in the body & OMEGA-3s become anti-inflammatory
Linoleic acid (LA), the shortest-chained Omega-6, is an essential fatty acid. Arachidonic acid is a physiologically significant Omega 6, the precursor for prostaglandins (mediator cells with a variety of regulatory functions in the body), endocannabinoids (a group of neuro-modulatory lipids),
and other  physiologically active molecules.
Excess Omega-6 fatty acids from vegetable oils interfere with the health benefits of Omega-3 fats, in part because they compete for the same rate-limiting enzymes. A high proportion of Omega-6 to Omega-3 shifts the physiological state in the tissues to become pro-thrombotic,  pro-inflammatory and pro-constrictive – and hence push bodily tissues toward the development of many diseases. (Wikipedia, 7/19/14)
A chart showing the Omega-6 versus Omega-3 contents of various food oils – you can see that fish oils are the healthiest (anti-inflammatory) for us while safflower and sunflower oils are the unhealthiest (inflammatory):
To correct this ratio you can supplement with Omega-3 fatty acids or eat lots wild fish, while avoiding the polyunsaturated fatty acids that have high levels of Omega-6s. (Source:
To correct a poor intake ratio, you can supplement with Omega-3 fatty acids or eat lots wild fish, while avoiding the polyunsaturated fatty acids that have high levels of Omega-6s.



The graphic below provides an inkling of how our diet is making us sick: Industrially produced eggs deliver 20 times more Omega-6 than Omega-3 while the ratio for range-fed eggs is much more balanced. Industrially produced beef delivers 21 times more Omega-6 than Omega-3 while the ratio for grass-fed beef is considerably better.





Add to that the vast amounts of potato chips, French fries, micro-wave popcorn, margarine, most salad dressings, frying oils, and processed foods we consume and it’s not at all surprising that chronic, degenerative diseases pervade our culture.
You can check out the Omega-6 foods you commonly eat on SELFNutritionData’s comprehensive list of the FOODS HIGHEST IN TOTAL OMEGA-6 FATTY ACIDS.  (Millen, 2014-b)








Joseph Hibbeln, MD, a researcher studying Omega-3 and Omega-6 intake at the National Institute of Health (NIH) observed about the rising intake of Omega-6:

The increases in world linolaic acid (LA) consumption over the past century may be considered a very large uncontrolled experiment that may have contributed to increased societal burdens of aggression, depression and cardiovascular mortality.

(Kresser, 2014?)










Omega-3 supplements must be taken in a form that delivers the fatty acids in a bio-available form or your body won’t be able to get the benefits.
These are some high quality Omega-3 supplements recommended by my health care providers to augment my Omega-3 intake from foods:


  • Carlson’s Super Omega-3 Fish Oil Concentrate 1,000mg soft gels
            The dose for me is 1 soft gel 2x/day.




  • NutraSea 2X Concentrated 1250 mg EPA + DHA
           The dose for me is 1 soft gel 3x/day.




            This company also makes a vegan version. It’s a liquid, not a soft gel.  I don’t know the dosage.






  • Integrative Therapeutics’  Eskimo-3 Fish Oil gel caps
The dose for me is 2 gel caps 2x/day.





In addition to omega-6 fatty acids, most polyunsaturated oils are highly prone to oxidation and rancidity, which turns these so-called ‘heart healthy’ oils to toxic liquids. (Source:
In addition to Omega-6 fatty acids, most polyunsaturated oils are highly prone to oxidation and rancidity, which turns these so-called ‘heart healthy’ oils to toxic liquids. (Source:





Cohan, P.  (2008). The Natural hormone Makeover: 10 Steps to Rejuvenate Your Health and Rediscover Your Inner Glow.  See:

Gunnars, K. (2014). How to Optimize Your Omega-6 to Omega-3 Ratio. Authority Nutrition: An Evidence-Based Approach. See:

Jaret, P. (2014). Understanding the Omega Fatty Acids. WebMD.  See:

Kresser, C. (2014?). How too much omega-6 and not enough omega-3 is making us sick. See:

Millen, K. (2014-a). Foods Highest in Total Omega-6 Fatty Acids. SELFNutritionData.  See:

Millen, K. (2014-b). Foods Highest in Total Omega-6 Fatty Acids. SELFNutritionData. See:

Watson, S. (2014). Benefits of Omega-3. How Stuff Works. See:

Wikipedia. (8/28/2014). Omega-3 fatty acid. See:

Wikipedia. (7/19/2014). Omega-6 fatty acid. See:



© Copyright 2014 Joan Rothchild Hardin. All Rights Reserved.


DISCLAIMER:  Nothing on this site or blog is intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Environmental Working Group’s Top 10 Tips for Safer Cosmetics






After receiving a handy wallet-sized card called QUICK TIPS FOR SAFER COSMETICS: A GUIDE TO NAVIGATING PERSONAL CARE PRODUCT LABELS, from the Environmental Working Group’s SKIN DEEP project, I decided to revisit the important topic of the unsafe ingredients in our personal care products:
  • Soaps
  • Skin moisturizers
  • Lip products
  • Hand sanitizers
  • Sunscreens
  • Hair care products
  • Toothpastes
  • Nail polishes



You too can get a copy of this nifty card if you donate $5 to the Environmental Working Group.  EWG does excellent work trying to protect us from harmful ingredients. I hope you’ll help support them with a donation of $5 or more. Here’s a link to their site.
The EWG has done extensive research on over 69,000 personal care products to compile the safety information in their SKIN DEEP Cosmetics Database. Their research standards are well above the government’s standards. They examine product concerns such as:
  • Overall hazards
  • Cancer links
  • Developmental and reproductive toxicity
  • Allergies






As the EWB points out:
Our cosmetics and personal care products are under regulated and often include chemicals that have not been well tested.
The US government allows cosmetics’ manufacturers to include almost any ingredient in their products.
The US Federal Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not have the authority to require safety tests on these products or recall any product that proves to be harmful.






The EWG  also publishes other useful guides:
  • Healthier Cleaning Products
  • Good Food on a Tight Budget
  • A Meat Eater’s Guide to Climate Change + Health
  • A Guide to Summer Sun
  • A Shopper’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce



EWG's Guide to Pesticides in Produce
EWG’s Guide to Pesticides in Produce







Information from EWG's SKIN DEEP project
Sample information from EWG’s SKIN DEEP project’s mobile app that lets you obtain hazard on over 69,000 personal care products by scanning their barcodes






The American government doesn’t require health studies or pre-market testing of the chemicals in personal care products, even though just about everyone is exposed to them. Through Skin Deep, we put the power of information in consumers’ hands. When you know what’s in the products you bring into your home and how those chemicals may affect your health and the environment, you can make informed purchasing decisions — and help transform the marketplace. At the same time, we advocate responsible corporate and governmental policies to protect the most vulnerable among us.



EWG created our Skin Deep database as a way to combat the serious deficiencies in cosmetics regulation.

Still navigating store aisles can be difficult. Environmental Working Group researchers have evaluated hundreds of safety studies and thousands of ingredient labels to bring you our top recommendations for what not to buy.




By Product Type:

Soap Avoid: triclosan and triclocarban.
Skin moisturizer and lip products Avoid: Retinyl palmitate, retinyl acetate, retinoic acid and retinol in daytime products
Hand sanitizers Pick: ethanol or ethyl alcohol in at least 60% alcohol
Sunscreen Just say no:

  • SPF above 50
  • Retinyl palmitate
  • Aerosol spray and powder sunscreen
  • Oxybenzone
  • Added insect repellent

Say yes to:

  • Hats and shade in mid-day sun
  • Zinc Oxide or Titanium Dioxide as active ingredients, otherwise Avobenzone (at 3%)
  • SPF 15 to 50, depending on your own skin coloration, time outside, shade and cloud cover.
  • Use a lot and reapply frequently
Hair Care Avoid or limit:

  • Dark permanent hair dyes
  • Chemical hair straighteners
Toothpaste Avoid: triclosan
Nails Avoid:

  • Formaldehyde or formalin in polish, hardeners or other nail products.
  • Toluene and Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) in polish.
  • Pregnant? Skip polish



Tips for babies and young children

Children are not little adults. Pound for pound, kids are exposed to more contaminants in air, water, food, and personal care products than adults. Immature organ systems are often less capable of fending off chemical assaults. Subtle damage to developing bodies may lead to disease later in life.

Parents can make healthy choices by using fewer personal care products for their children, ignoring ad hype and following these tips:

Baby wipes Avoid:

  • Bronopol
  • DMDM hydantoin
  • Fragrance
Diaper cream Avoid:

  • BHA
  • Boric acid
  • Fragrance
Toothpaste Use a small amount of fluoride-free toothpaste until kids can reliably rinse and spit (none for kids under 2). Use child-strength toothpaste for children 6 and younger. Use only a pea sized amount and supervise child’s brushing and rinsing (to minimize swallowing)
Sunscreen Infants under 6 months don’t belong in the sun and they shouldn’t wear sunscreen. For older babies and children, use protective clothing and sunscreen that provides good UVA and UVB protection. Use enough and reapply often.
Baby powder Skip it! Just like auto exhaust or secondhand smoke, tiny airborne particles can damage baby’s delicate, developing lungs



Tips for teens and tweens

Teens use cosmetics. Sometimes lots of them. From hair gels and straighteners to eye make-up, body wash and lotions. And then some! Knowing which ones are healthy — and which ones aren’t — is important. Why? EWG found that adolescent girls’ bodies are contaminated with chemicals commonly used in cosmetics and body care products. In fact, we detected 16 potentially toxic chemicals — phthalates, triclosan, parabens, and musks — in blood and urine samples from 20 teen girls. Studies link these chemicals to potential health effects including cancer and hormone disruption.

To make matters worse, teens may be particularly sensitive to exposures to hormone-disrupting chemicals, given the complex role they play during puberty – precisely when girls typically experiment with an increasing number and variety of body care products. When we surveyed them, our teen study participants reported using an average of 17 personal care products each day, 40 percent more than an adult woman.

Teens can easily make safer choices by reducing the number of body care products they use, viewing marketing claims with skepticism, always checking the ingredients for toxics (a good lifelong habit!), and following EWG guidelines to select safer products:

Acne products Avoid:

  • Triclosan
  • Parabens
  • PEG/cetearetj/polyethylene
Perfume, cologne, and body spray Avoid:

  • Diethyl phthalate
  • “Fragrance” (listed as an ingredient)
Make-up Avoid:

  • Loose powders
  • Vitamin A (listed as: retinol, retinyl palmitate, retinyl acetate) in skin and lip products


  • Safer make-up using Skin Deep
Sun protection Be sun smart! Sunburns in children and teens increase your risk of the most deadly form of skin cancer–melanoma.Avoid tanning beds. Tanning booths expose the skin to 15 times more UV sun. The use of tanning beds before age 30 can cause a 75 percent increase in melanoma.



Tips for women

The average woman uses 12 products containing 168 different ingredients daily. Many cosmetic chemicals are designed to penetrate into the skin’s inner layers, and they do. Consequently, some common cosmetic ingredients turn up in people’s bodies. Among them: industrial plasticizers called phthalates; parabens, which are preservatives; and persistent fragrance components like musk xylene.

Are levels found in our bodies causing biological damage? Only more research can say. Several studies have linked feminization of American baby boys to a common fragrance chemical called diethyl phthalate.

Anti-aging products Avoid: Alpha and beta hydroxy acids (lactic acid and glycolic acid)
FDA-sponsored studies find UV-caused skin damage doubles for users of products with alpha hydroxy acid. Regular sunscreen application is the best way to avoid sun-damaged skin.
Hair dye Minimize use of dark, permanent hair dyes. Many contain coal tar ingredients, including aminophenol, diaminobenzene, and phenylenediamine, linked to cancer.
Skin lighteners Avoid skin lighteners with hydroquinone. FDA warns that this skin-bleaching chemical can cause a skin disease called ochronosis, with “disfiguring and irreversible” blue-black lesions on exposed skin.Illegally imported skin lighteners can contain mercury, which can poison adults and children and is especially toxic during pregnancy. Be wary of imported skin lighteners, don’t buy products without ingredients clearly labeled, and always avoid products with “mercury,” “calomel”, “mercurio” or “mercurio chloride”.
Chemical hair straighteners Many hair straightening treatments use harsh or toxic ingredients, and make misleading safety claims. We recommend you avoid chemical hair straighteners.If you choose to use, avoid keratin treatments.




Tips for men

The average man uses 6 products daily with 85 unique ingredients. Some ingredients are hormonally active; some of these are specifically linked to male reproductive system disorders. For instance, phthalates have been associated with altered hormone levels in men and boys and sperm damage.

After shave Avoid:

  • “Fragrance”
  • Oxybenzone
  • PEG/ceteareth/polyethylene
  • Parabens
Shaving cream Avoid:

  • DMDM hydantoin
  • “Fragrance”
  • PEG/ceteareth/polyethylene
  • Triclosan
Sunscreen Wear sunscreen. Surveys show just 34 percent of men wear sun protection, compared to 78 percent of women. Chose a sunscreen with UVA and UVB protection and reapply often. SeeEWG’s annual sunscreen report for good choices.




Shopping tips by ingredient

BHA: The National Toxicology Program classifies butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) as “reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen.” It can cause skin depigmentation. In animal studies, BHA produces liver damage and causes stomach cancers such as papillomas and carcinomas and interferes with normal reproductive system development and thyroid hormone levels. The European Union considers it unsafe in fragrance. It is found in food, food packaging, and personal care products sold in the U.S.

Boric acid and Sodium borate: These chemicals disrupt hormones and harm the male reproductive system. Men working in boric acid-producing factories have a greater risk of decreased sperm count and libido. In animals, high doses cause testicular damage to mice, rats, and dogs. Both the European Union and Canada restrict these ingredients in body care products made for children under three years of age and require that products containing these ingredients be labeled as not appropriate for broken or damaged skin. No similar safety standards are in place in the United States. The cosmetic industry’s own safety panel states that these chemicals are unsafe for infant or damaged skin, because they can absorb readily into the body. Despite this guidance, boric acid is found in some diaper creams.

Coal tar hair dyes and other coal tar ingredients (including Aminophenol, Diaminobenzene, Phenylenediamine): Coal tar, a byproduct of coal processing, is a known human carcinogen, according to the National Toxicology Program and the International Agency for Research on Cancer. Hair stylists and other professionals are exposed to these chemicals in hair dye almost daily. Europe has banned many of these ingredients in hair dyes. While FDA sanctions coal tar in specialty products such as dandruff and psoriasis shampoos, the long-term safety of these products has not been demonstrated.

Formaldehyde: A potent preservative considered a known human carcinogen by the International Agency on Research on Cancer. Formaldehyde, also an asthmagen, neurotoxicant and developmental toxicant, was once mixed into to many personal care products as antiseptic. This use has declined. But some hair straighteners are based on formaldehyde’s hair-stiffening action and release substantial amounts of the chemical.

Formaldehyde releasers – Bronopol, DMDM hydantoin, Diazolidinyl urea, Imidzaolidinyl urea and Quaternium-15: Cosmetics preservatives that slow form formaldehyde to kill bacteria growing in products. Formaldehyde is a known human carcinogen. The preservatives and the formaldehyde they generate can trigger allergic skin reactions. Formaldehyde releasers are widely used in US products. Not surprisingly, more Americans develop contact allergies to these ingredients than Europeans.

Fragrance: It may help sell products from face cream to laundry detergent, but do you know what’s in it? Fragrances are in everything from shampoo to deodorant to lotion. Federal law doesn’t require companies to list on product labels any of the chemicals in their fragrance mixture. Recent research from EWG and the Campaign for Safe Cosmetics found an average of 14 chemicals in 17 name brand fragrance products, none of them listed on the label. Fragrances can contain hormone disruptors and are among the top 5 allergens in the world. Our advice? Buy fragrance free wherever possible.

Hydroquinone: A skin bleaching chemical that can cause a skin disease called ochronosis, with blue-black lesions that in the worst cases become permanent black caviar-size bumps. In animal studies, hydroquinone has caused tumor development.

Lead: A neurotoxin in popular hair dye Grecian Formula 16 and other black hair dyes for men. Lead from hair dyes travels from hair to doorknobs, cabinets and other household items, where children can ingest it.

Methylisothiazolinone, methylchloroisothiazolinone and benzisothiazolinone: Preservatives, commonly used together in personal care products, among the most common irritants, sensitizers and causes of contact allergy. Lab studies on mammalian brain cells suggest that methylisothiazolinone may be neurotoxic.

Nanoparticles: Zinc oxide and titanium dioxide nanoparticles appear to be among the safer and more effective active ingredients in U.S.-marketed sunscreen creams because they do not penetrate the skin. But avoid sprays and powders containing these nanoparticles, which could penetrate your lungs and enter your bloodstream. Many other nanoparticles have received very little testing, yet they readily penetrate the skin and contaminate the body. Cosmetics manufacturers are not required to disclose the presence of nanoparticles in products.

Oxybenzone: Sunscreen agent and ultraviolet light absorber, found in the bodies of nearly all Americans, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In human epidemiological studies, oxybenzone has been linked to irritation, sensitization and allergies. A study of 404 New York City women in the third trimester of pregnancy associated higher maternal concentration of oxybenzone with a decreased birth weight among newborn baby girls but with greater birth weight in newborn boys. Studies on cells and laboratory animals indicate that oxybenzone and its metabolites may disrupt the hormone system.

Parabens (specifically Propyl-, Isopropyl-, Butyl-, and Isobutyl- parabens): Parabens are estrogen-mimicking preservatives used widely in cosmetics. The CDC has detected parabens in virtually all Americans bodies. According to the European Commission’s Scientific Committee on Consumer Products, longer chain parabens like propyl and butyl paraben and their branched counterparts, isopropyl and isobutylparabens, may disrupt the endocrine system and cause reproductive and developmental disorders.

PEGs/Ceteareth/Polyethylene compounds: A family of conditioning and cleaning agents that go by many names. These synthetic chemicals are frequently contaminated with 1,4-dioxane, which the U.S. government considers a probably human carcinogen and which readily penetrates the skin. Cosmetics makers could easily remove 1,4-dioxane from ingredients, but tests documenting its common presence in products show that they often don’t.

Petroleum distillates: Petroleum-extracted cosmetics ingredients, commonly found in mascara. They may cause contact dermatitis and are often contaminated with cancer-causing impurities. They are produced in oil refineries at the same time as automobile fuel, heating oil and chemical feedstocks.

Phthalates: A growing number of studies indicate that chemical family damages the male reproductive system. Pregnant women should avoid nail polish containing dibutyl phathalate. Everyone should avoid products with “fragrance” indicating a chemical mixture that may contain phthalates.

Resorcinol: Common ingredient in hair color and bleaching products; skin irritant, toxic to the immune system and frequent cause of hair dye allergy. In animal studies, resorcinol can disrupt normal thyroid function. The federal government regulates exposures to resorcinol in the workplace, but its use is not restricted in personal care products.

Toluene: Volatile petrochemical solvent and paint thinner and potent neurotoxicant that acts as an irritant, impairs breathing and causes nausea A pregnant woman’s exposure to toluene vapors during pregnancy may impair fetal development. In human epidemiological and animal studies, toluene has been associated with toxicity to the immune system. Some evidence suggests a link to malignant lymphoma.

Triclosan & Triclocarban: Antimicrobial pesticides in liquid soap (triclosan) or soap bars (triclocarban), very toxic to the aquatic environment. Often found as contaminants in people due to widespread use of antimicrobial cleaning products. Triclosan disrupts thyroid function and reproductive hormones. American Medical Association and the American Academy of Microbiology say that soap and water serves just as well to prevent spread of infections and reduce bacteria on the skin. Overuse may promote the development of bacterial resistance.

Vitamin A compounds (retinyl palmitate, retinyl acetate, retinol): Vitamin A is an essential nutrient but not necessarily safe for use on skin. Studies show that when applied to sun-exposed skin these compounds can increase skin sensitivity. Furthermore sunlight breaks down vitamin A to produce toxic free radicals that can damage DNA and hasten skin lesions and tumors in lab animals. These ingredients are widely used in sunscreens, skin lotions, lip products and makeup. EWG urges consumers to avoid leave on skin and lip products with vitamin A.

Animal-based ingredients: Many consumers are asking manufacturers tough questions about ethical sourcing of their ingredients. Vegetarians, vegans, and people concerned about animal welfare frequently seek to avoid ingredients derived from animals. However a number of animal-based substances are found in cosmetics, and might not be clearly labeled as such. If you are concerned about avoiding animal products the best bet is to choose brands claiming to be vegetarian or vegan or labeled with the PETA and Leaping Bunny logos.

Copyright 2007-2014, Environmental Working Group.




SKIN DEEP - from the Environmental Working Group
SKIN DEEP – from the Environmental Working Group




Environmental Working Group (2014). EWG’s Top Ten Tips for Safer Cosmetics. See:



© Copyright 2014 Joan Rothchild Hardin. All Rights Reserved.


DISCLAIMER:  Nothing on this site or blog is intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Vibrational Sound Therapy: Healing with Tibetan Singing Bowls






I was very fortunate to be able to take two workshops with singing bowls Master Teacher Suren Shrestha and some of his students at the Rubin Museum of Himalayan Art in NYC this past weekend: Vibrational Sound Therapy (1.5 hours) and Learn to Heal with Singing Bowls (3 hours).



Suren Shrestha , Master Teacher, Healing with Tibetan Singing Bowls
Suren Shrestha , Master Teacher, Healing with Tibetan Singing Bowls


The workshops were both didactic and experiential. We learned various ways to play singing bowls and ting-sha (Tibetan cybals or chimes), a bit about their history and how to use them for healing, and about the body’s Chakra System (both the Indian Vedic and Tibetan systems).




The best singing bowls are made of a special seven-metal alloy of gold, silver, iron, mercury, tin, copper and lead. Each bowl is tuned to the specific note that affects one of the body’s seven chakras. The art of making traditional Tibetan singing bowls has been handed down from generation to generation within family clans. Craftsmen in the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal today are reviving the ancient techniques, traced back to the time of the Buddha – 2,500 years ago.
These singing bowls, when struck on the side or made to sing, produce multiphonic and polyharmonic sounds which are unique, complex, subtle … and healing. (Shrestha, 2013)
Suren grew up in the small village of Khandabari in Nepal, 45 miles from Mount Everest in the Himalayas, and now lives in Boulder, CO. In Khandabari, people were healed by herbalists, monks and shamans using drums, gongs and mantras. He learned from them how to practice the ancient techniques using sound and vibration and is now a Master Teaching traveling the world to educate others.
This is his website, including a calendar of his workshops.






  1. Set the bowl in the palm of either hand without touching the sides of the bowl as that is where the vibration occurs.
  2. Holding a striker with an even pressure in the other hand, rub it in a circular motion on the outside rim of the bowl. Sometimes it’s easier to strike the bowl first to get the vibrations going before rubbing.
  3. When the sound becomes full, remove the striker from the bowl and let the bowl continue to sing without touching its sides.


How to play a Tibetan singing bowl - Shakti Gray
How to play a Tibetan singing bowl – Shakti Gray


Here’s a short video (4:01) demonstrating some basic techniques for playing Tibetan singing bowls.
Crown Chakra Singing Bowls
Shakti Gray performing a Singing Bowls Meditation for the Crown Chakra
And a longer video (10:00) of a Singing Bowl Meditation: Crown Chakra Set.



Tibetan Musician Nawang Khechog
Tibetan Musician Nawang Khechog



You can also use a striker on the outside of the bowl to ring the bowl like a bell. An upward motion towards the rim works best.




It's easy!
It’s easy!







Ting-sha Cymbals for Meditation and Healing
Ting-sha Cymbals for Meditation and Healing


This short video (0.25) demonstrates another Tibetan vibrational technique,  Ting-sha Cymbals being played.








Fractal Art: DNA (Source:
Fractal Art: DNA



What is Sound and Vibration Healing?

Everyone has a vibration that is a signature of their health and wellbeing. You could think of it as a natural results of the processes that ran our physical bodies as well as your mental, emotional, and subtle bodies. Similar to a musical instrument that can fall out of tune through use, our bodies can also fall out of vibrational harmony and potentially develop illness. Stress and negativity create blockages of a healthy flow of energy, showing up in the energy field around our body as lower energy disturbances at first, and later as illness in our physical body.

Sound and vibration can be used to re-tune us to health and one of the most powerful modalities for this is the use of Tibetan singing bowls. When there is a deep relaxation through soothing, resonant sound, the body is affected on a cellular level, opening up the flow of energy to move us back toward vibrational alignment with health. Sound can help us shift our energy frequency from lower to higher, removing the lower frequencies of emotions such as fear, anger, and resentment. If fact, whenever you are immersed in lower frequency emotions you can simply chant “Om” to elevate your energy.The sound of the bowls is calming, and they are frequently used as a meditation aid as the sound induces a sense of peacefulness.

Quantum physics has proven that everything has vibration, whether it’s a table, a chair, a person, a planet, or a cosmos. And wherever there is a sound, there is a vibration. When we use sound coupled with intention, which is the most important aspect of healing, we can direct sound vibration to raise the body’s vibrational frequency.

Negative energy can make us physically ill or mentally depressed. Each bowl emits a soothing vibration that radiates out negative energy, which restricts your ability to reach your full physical, spiritual, and mental health….

Healing through sound and vibration has been known to reduce stress, improve concentration, reduce blood pressure, stimulate life force flow in the body, improve immunity, harmonize the chakras with the energy field, heighten intuition and perception, synchronize the brain hemispheres, remove mental and emotional negativity, and enhance creativity.

Most importantly, stress is at the root of many of our twenty-first century diseases and it’s through relaxation of the body that balance, health, and happiness can be restored… As much as 70 percent of the human body is made up of water, so when you strike a singing bowl next to your body, the vibration makes a mandala (a pattern) in your body, which is healing and relaxing.

– From the Introduction to How to Heal with Singing Bowls, by Suren Shrestha, pages 13-15



Suren Shrestha  with some of his singing bowls
Suren Shrestha with some of his singing bowls






I recommend Suren Shrestha’s book, How to Heal with Singing Bowls for learning more about this kind of vibrational therapy.



by Suren Shrestha
by Suren Shrestha


Suren is donating all profits from this book, along with a large portion of the proceeds from the healing workshops he teaches in Boulder and around the world, to the Aama Orphanage Education Foundation (AOEF) to build a new orphanage in his native village in Nepal. The Foundation’s goal is to provide quality education to orphans of Eastern Nepal, giving priority to orphaned girls.
Here’s more information on the Aama Orphanage Education Project.






There are many ways to use Tibetan singing bowls in healing. Here are some examples:




Tibetan Bowls Placed On and Around the Body.
Tibetan Bowls Placed On and Around the Body. The Bowls are Gonged or Made to Sing – the Vibrations To Be Absorbed.








Singing Bowl Used with Crystal (Source:
Singing Bowl Used with Crystal on Third Eye Chakra




Tibetan Bowls As an Adjunct Acupuncture (Source:
Tibetan Bowls Used To Enhance  Acupuncture




Massage Enhanced With Tibetan Bowls and Ting-Sha (Source:
Massage Enhanced With Tibetan Bowls and Ting-Sha






The Vibrations Travel From the Hand, Up the Arm and into the Body (Source:
The Vibrations Travel From the Hand, Up the Arm and into the Body







Tibetan Bowl Struck While Placed on Feet
Tibetan Bowl Struck While Resting on Feet (Source:





Singing Bowl Head Treatment   (Source:
Singing Bowl Head Treatment



Tibetan Bowl Inverted on the Head (Source:
Tibetan Bowl Inverted on the Head




Warm water inside the bowl helps transmit the positive energy of its harmonics to the client. (Shrestha, 2013)
Tibetan Bowl  Warm Water Therapy (Source:
Tibetan Bowl Warm Water Therapy




Sound waves create a "Water Mandala" from the vibrations in the Tibetan Bowl (Source:
Sound waves create a “Water Mandala” from the vibrations in the Tibetan Bowl











Dr. Mitchell L. Gaynor, a New York oncologist, strikes one of his Tibetan singing bowls with a mallet to produce soothing tones; he might add rice to change sound. Dr. Gaynor, the author of a book on sound healing, considers it a complement to traditional Western medicine. (Source:
Dr. Mitchell L. Gaynor, a New York oncologist, strikes one of his Tibetan singing bowls with a mallet to produce soothing tones; he might add rice to change sound. Dr. Gaynor, the author of a book on sound healing, considers it a complement to traditional Western medicine.


Western healers, including respected, board certified physicians, have taken an interest in the ancient art of using sound to heal.
Dr. Mitchell L. Gaynor, a well-respected oncologist practicing in New York City, considers healing with sound as integrative medicine – a complement to it, not an alternative.  He distinguishes between curing and healing. To cure means physically to fix something, whereas healing refers to wholeness, a union of the mind, body and spirit. He compares sound healing to music therapy.
In “The Healing Power of Sound” he cites studies indicating that music lowers blood pressure, reduces cardiac complications among patients who have recently suffered heart attacks, reduces stress hormones during medical testing and boosts natural opiates.  (Gaynor, 2002) (Rosenbloom, 2005)
Researchers from the Gene and Stem Cell Therapy Program at the Centenary Institute in Sydney, Australia, have shown that 97% of human DNA programs or encodes proteins in our bodies.  One of the researchers said, “this discovery, involving what was previously referred to as ‘junk’, opens up a new level of gene expression control …”
These findings form a scientific basis for the claim that we can reprogram our DNA to heal ourselves with vibrations. Numerous scientists – in the tradition of 1,000’s of years of spiritual adepts – claim light and sound can alter our DNA, directly influencing our biology.
Russian linguists, Dr Pjotr Garajajev and Vladimir Poponin found that DNA follows patterns and rules similar to human language.
Biologist Dr David Deamer and Susan Alexjander, an MA in music, have discovered that DNA makes its own beautiful music – on its own, before any attempts to alter it. The pair measured tha molecular vibrations of DNA,  recording it using an infrared spectrophotometer. They exposed each section of DNA to infrared light and measured the wavelength it absorbed to determine its sound frequency. Alexjander described the combinations of frequencies as “hauntingly beautiful” music. “… they are just stunning. It sounds alive to me.” (Health Freedom Alliance, 2014)





Master Percussionist Emile de Leon Playing a Meditation on Three Antique Tibetan Singing Bowls
Master Percussionist Emile de Leon Playing a Meditation on Three Antique Tibetan Singing Bowls


As a bonus, here’s a short video (4:30) of master percussionist Emile de Leon of Temple Sounds playing some large, high quality antique Tibetan singing bowls.





If you’ve fallen in love with Tibetan singing bowls, have an iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch, and want to be able to hear them wherever you are, there’s an app for that.



Bowls – Authentic Tibetan Singing Bowls
By Oceanhouse Media
Compatibility:Requires iOS 5.1 or later. Compatible with iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch. This app is optimized for iPhone 5.
$1.99 in iTunes



iPhone Screenshot of the Bowls - Authentic Tibetan Singing Bowls app
iPhone Screenshot of the Bowls – Authentic Tibetan Singing Bowls app














Gaynor, M.L. (2002). The Healing Power of Sound: Recovery from Life-Threatening Illness Using Sound, Voice, and Music. See:

Health Freedom Alliance – Alice (2014). Science Theory Shows We Can Reprogram Our DNA to Heal Ourselves with Vibration. See:

Rosenbloom, S. (11/24/2005). What’s the Buzz? Sound Therapy. The New York Times. See:

Shrestha, S. (2013). How to Heal with Singing Bowls. See:



© Copyright 2014 Joan Rothchild Hardin. All Rights Reserved.


DISCLAIMER:  Nothing on this site or blog is intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.


Live Dirty, Eat Clean … The Gut Microbiome Is the Future of Medicine

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Integrative gastroenterologist Dr. Robynne Chutkan has further refined  Michael Pollan’s wise ground rules, contributing:



Robynne Chutkan, MD, Integrative Gastroenterologist
– Robynne Chutkan, MD, Integrative Gastroenterologist


 I’m sure you get the ‘Eat Clean’ part.
The ‘Live Dirty’ part refers to the Hygiene Hypothesis: A lack of early childhood exposure to infectious agents, symbiotic micro-organisms such as gut flora probiotics, and parasites increases susceptibility to allergic and other autoimmune diseases by suppressing the natural development of the immune system. The lack of exposure leads to defects in the establishment of immune tolerance. The Hygiene Hypothesis is also sometimes called the Biome Depletion Theory or the Lost Friends Theory.





I highly recommend watching Dr Chutkan’s charming discussion of the merits of eating wisely while also exposing ourselves to a wide variety of microbes to keep our immune systems strong. The microbiome is the vast collection of microbes that live in and on our bodies. As she points out, the microbiome is going to be the future of medicine.
Here’s her easy to understand and often funny talk: Live Dirty, Eat Clean! Why The Microbiome Is The Future Of Medicine (18:07 minutes)



Robyyne Chutkan, MD
Robyyne Chutkan, MD


Robynne Chutkan, MD, FASGE, is a Board Certified Integrative Gastroenterologist, an Assistant Professor at the Georgetown University Hospital, and Founder and Director of The Digestive Center for Women in Washington, DC. She is also the author of Gutbliss: A 10-Day Plan to Ban Bloat, Flush Toxins, and Dump Your Digestive Baggage.


Michael Pollan put it well in his article Some of My Best Friends Are Germs (Pollan, 2013):

As a civilization, we’ve just spent the better part of a century doing our unwitting best to wreck the human-associated microbiota.






Hippocrates, a Greek physician who lived c. 460-377 BC and is considered to be the Father of Medicine, understood the vital relationship between our guts and our health. Then this knowledge was lost as medicine moved into the modern era.




Chutkan, R. (2014).  Live Dirty, Eat Clean! Why the Microbiome Is the Future of Medicine. Video. See:

Chutkan, R. (2014). Gutbliss: A 10-Day Plan to Ban Bloat, Flush Toxins, and Dump Your Digestive Baggage. See:

Polan, M. (2013). Some of My Best Friends Are Germs. New York Times Magazine, May 15 2013. See:



The Healing Properties of Unrefined Salts

Updated 8/4/2014 & 5/21/2016.






“There is a real misunderstanding about salt. On one hand, our consumption of salt seems to be killing us. On the other hand, we cannot live without salt. So, in order to answer this loaded question we must first explore the differences between table salt and unrefined salt.”

– Radiant Health Strategies (2010)






Harvesting Sea Salt in France
Harvesting Sea Salt in France








THE HISTORY OF SALT (Freeman, 2014) (Salt Works, 2014) (Kurlansky, 2002)


Humans used salt for various purposes long before written history began. The Peng-Tzao-Kan-Mu, the earliest known treatise on pharmacology, was published in China about 4,700 years ago. A large portion of it was devoted to a discussion of the medicinal uses for more than 40 kinds of salt.
As far back as 6,050 BC, ancient Egyptians used salt in religious offerings. It was a valuable trade commodity between the Phoenicians and the lands of their Mediterranean empire. Nomads travelling westward from China were known to carry salt. Egyptian art from 1,450 B.C. recorded the making of salt. Ancient Greek slave traders bartered salt for slaves – giving rise to the expression that someone was not worth his salt.
Salt influenced the establishment of trade routes and cities, provoked and financed wars, secured empires and inspired revolutions. Its rarity made it so valuable it was used as currency.
Revered as a precious mineral, salt was once traded ounce per ounce for gold.
Homer called salt a divine substance. Plato described it as especially near to the gods.
The English word salary derived from sal, the word for salt: Roman soldiers were paid in salt rations.
The word salad also originated from sal:  Early Romans salted their leafy greens and vegetables.
Among other English words derived from sal are sauce and sausage.
And salt has been a symbol of fertility over the ages – it’s the root of the word salacious.



Salt crystals growing on the walls of a tunnel at the Salina Turda Salt Mine in Romania. Salt has been produced and trades in Eastern Europe since Medieval times.
Salt crystals growing on the walls of a tunnel at the Salina Turda Salt Mine in the town of Turda, Transylvania, Romania, now turned into a museum.  This mine dates from the 17th century. The plentiful salt deposit was a decisive factor in the development of the prosperous town of Turda in ancient Roman times.



Lake Deep Inside the Salina Turda Salt Mine Museum
Lake Deep Inside the Salina Turda Salt Mine Museum in Romania



Salt taxes and monopolies led to wars and protests in many parts of the world. The Chinese government, like many others over time, made salt taxes a major revenue source. Anger over the salt tax was one of the causes of the French Revolution.
In 2,200 BC, the Chinese emperor Hsia Yu levied one of the first known taxes – on salt. In 13th century Tibet, Marco Polo observed that tiny cakes of salt were pressed with images of the Grand Khan and used as coins. Salt is still used as currency among the nomads of Ethiopia’s Danakil Plains.
In colonial India during the Raj, only the British government was permitted to make and profit from the salt production conducted by Indian workers living on the coast. In March 1930, Gandhi protested the British monopoly and marched to the coast  with his followers. Arriving there, he violated the law by boiling a chunk of salty mud. This Salt March to Dandi, or the Salt Satyagraha, encouraged people across India to begin making their own salt in protest, and the march became an important milestone in the struggle for Indian independence from British rule.
Salt also played a prominent role in the European exploration of North America and on subsequent American, Canadian, and Mexican history.  The first Native Americans “discovered” by Europeans in the Caribbean were harvesting sea salt.
In the American colonies under British rule, salt production also played a significant role. The first patent to produce salt in the colonies was held by the  Massachusetts Bay Colony, which continued to produce it for the next 200 years. The Erie Canal was opened primarily to facilitate salt transportation.
Salt has also had a significant military history. In 1777, the British Army’s Lord Howe rejoiced when he succeeded in capturing General Washington’s salt supply. Thousands of Napoleon’s troops died during his army’s retreat from Moscow because their wounds would not heal as a result of a lack of salt. And during the American in 1812 Civil War, the Union Army captured significant Confederate salt works, creating a serious salt shortage in the southern states.


Himalayan Salt Mine in Khewra, Pakistan
Himalayan Salt Mine in Khewra, Pakistan



If your interest in the history of salt has been piqued, see History of Salt for more information.
I also highly recommend a New York Times bestseller by Mark Kurlansky called  Salt: A World History. He’s an intelligent, lively writer and his books are a pleasure to read – page turners really. Another of his books, The Big Oyster: History on the Half Shell, also a national bestseller, kept me engrossed during a week’s vacation a few years ago.
Salt: A World History is populated with odd ball characters such as frozen-food pioneer Clarence Birdseye and New York City’s sturgeon king, Barney Greengrass.  Its contents have intriguing titles like “A Discourse on Salt, Cadavers and Pungent Sauces”, “The Hapsburg Pickle”, and “Two Ports and the Prosciutto in Between”.
Kurlansky is a winner of the James Beard Award for Excellence in Food Writing for Cod: A Biography of the Fish that Changed the World.



Salt: A World History by Mark Kurlansky
Salt: A World History
by Mark Kurlansky









WHAT’S WRONG WITH PROCESSED TABLE SALT (Bauman, 2012), (Ener-Chi Wellness Center, 2013), (Kresser, 2012), (Radiant Health Strategies, 2010)






Salt, like water, is an essential part of the human body.
Throughout history, salt was indeed divine – full of trace minerals, unlike the processed table salt generally in use today.
Table salt is mined from the earth with bulldozers and other machinery and then heavily refined. To make this salt resistant to the re-absorption of moisture, increasing its shelf-life and making it more convenient for consumers to use in salt shakers, processors add desiccants (anti-caking agents).
It’s soaked in a solution which may contain sulfuric acid or chlorine and various  bleaches. Then it’s heated to a temperature that removes all the minerals and other trace elements that our bodies need to function. Some processed salts are then spray coated with  iodine.


Morton Salt girl
Morton Salt girl
Processed table salt is quite different from natural, unrefined salts. It no longer has the ability to combine with our body fluids, so undermines necessary, basic chemical and metabolic processes. Water retention, kidney and blood pressure problems, gall stones, and many other serious health problems can result from refined salt consumption.



Unrefined salts contain trace minerals that support the proper functioning of all our bodily systems, including the immune system, glandular system and nervous system. These trace minerals have been processed out of refined table salt.








Refined salt is cheap. It’s added to almost all manufactured foods and most food eaten in or purchased from restaurant chains and other restaurants.
On average, Americans consume more than 3,400 mg of refined salt per day. Of this amount, about 75% is derived from processed food. The other 25% comes from sources such as water treatment and medications.
Processed salt is a significant ingredient in most processed foods and restaurant meals – many meals contain far more than a day’s worth of sodium.



American Daily Salt Intake (Source: Nutrition & You
American Daily Salt Intake (Source: Nutrition & You



Salt has increasingly been blamed for a number of  health problems, such as high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke.
Most of what we’re told about salt these days is that its consumption needs to be reduced. It is even referred to as “the single most harmful substance in the food supply”. (Center for Science in the Public Interest, 2014)
When salt is chemically cleaned and processed, the trace minerals and electrolytes that naturally occur in unrefined salt are removed as if they were impurities.
Chemically processed table salt is inorganic, which means that the chemical bonds are so strong they can’t easily be broken down or metabolized by our bodies. When you take in an inorganic mineral, your body will either store it or eliminate it. In this case, when you take in table salt your body sees it as a poison and tries to get rid of it as quickly as possible. Unfortunately, most of us take in way more table salt than our bodies can eliminate. When this happens, the body has to do something with the excess salt.
Consuming a lot of chemically processed table salt makes us feel thirsty. That’s because the body has been put into a tough position. It can’t get rid of the table salt fast enough so it must neutralize it. To do that it takes water from healthy cells to surround this salt. As a result, you retain water and kill off healthy cells.






Our blood must always be slightly alkaline. For optimal health, 25% of our food intake must digest as acidic and 75% of our food intake must digest as alkaline. We are talking about the process that occurs after food leaves the  stomach.
A lemon tastes acidic but has an alkalizing effect on the blood. Meat doesn’t taste acidic but has a very acidic effect on the blood. If the food we eat is overly acidic, it cannot leave the body without being neutralized. Unfortunately, the typical American diet is highly acidic. When we eat a meal that is overly acidic, the body must neutralize the acid and regulate the alkalinity of the blood – which it accomplishes by taking organic sodium from its alkaline reserves.
Our bones regulate the level of calcium in the blood. If your body does not have enough alkaline reserves to neutralize excess acid, your bones come to your rescue. The bones contain a healthy supply of organic calcium. Because the body’s concern is with what it need in the present, not what it will need in the future, it takes calcium from your bones to neutralize the acid. If you keep feeding your body processed salt, it will be forced to rob your bones of calcium for years and years – and you will develop porous bones: osteoporosis.
The best source of organic sodium is fruits and vegetables. The average adult needs to eat about 10 pounds or so of fruits and vegetables a week.
Unrefined sea salt requires no effort from the body to digest and neutralize acids. And unrefined salt is so potent, that you only need a very small amount of it. It will not cause edema or make you thirsty when used properly. It’s a good back up to fruits and vegetables.
Symptoms such as digestive issues/constipation, low energy/fatigue, too much or dried mucous (congestion), and, over time, osteoporosis and other issues can result from a lack of good, usable organic sodium.



We need alkaline food source to neutralize the excessive acidic waste in the body. Refined salt won't be able to do this because it is acidic. Sea salt is alkaline so is able to neutralize the acidity and promote the uptake of oxygen in the blood. (Source: Allan Chai -
We need alkaline foods to neutralize the excessive acidic waste in the body. Refined salt won’t be able to do this because it is acidic. Sea salt is alkaline so is able to neutralize the acidity and promote the uptake of oxygen in the blood.
(Source: Allan Chai –



Processed table salt provides virtually NO benefits for the body and causes numerous health problems.
Refined, adulterated salt (a byproduct of the chemical industry) contains only two elements: sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl).
Most statistics on salt intake lump refined table salt with unrefined, unprocessed sea salt – leading salt to be seen as harmful.
The ONLY salts the body is able to digest, assimilate, and utilize properly are unrefined, unprocessed sea salt or rock salt. For salt to be useful to the body, it needs to penetrate foods – that is, dissolve in the moisture of our food. If salt is used in its dry state, it enters the body in a non-ionized form and creates thirst – a sign of being poisoned. It then causes further harm because it cannot be  assimilated and utilized properly.
Only around 7% of the processed salt that is manufactured goes for food. The other 93% is used by industry, which requires chemically pure sodium chloride for the manufacture of explosives, chlorine gas, baking soda, fertilizers and plastics. (Thomas, 2009)



The addition of iodine to table salt is a real problem, turning the salt our bodies need daily into little more than a poison.
We get iodine from eating fish and shellfish, eggs, cereal grains, legumes, dairy products from cows fed with iodized salt, and some food additives. There’s also iodine hidden in cough expectorants; antiseptics; drugs such as sulphonamide, lithium, dopamine, steroids, aspirin,  certain heart and anti-diabetic drugs; and natural supplements such as kelp and seaweed.
Iodized salt adds greatly to our iodine intake. As a result, people in the West risk iodine overload. As much as 75% of the body’s iodine is stored in the thyroid glad and used to produce hormones regulating metabolism. Too much iodine causes the levels of these hormones to become dangerously unbalanced, leading to metabolic and immune disorders.(Thomas, 2009)




A team of scientists from Yale University in the U.S and the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, in Germany looked at the relationship between junk foods & the enormous increase in autoimmune diseases. 'This study is the first to indicate that excess refined and processed salt may be one of the environmental factors driving the increased incidence of autoimmune diseases,' they said. Junk foods at fast food restaurants as well as processed foods at grocery retailers represent the largest sources of sodium intake from refined salts.
A team of scientists from Yale University in the U.S and the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, in Germany looked at the relationship between junk foods & the enormous increase in autoimmune diseases.
‘This study is the first to indicate that excess refined and processed salt may be one of the environmental factors driving the increased incidence of autoimmune diseases,’ they said.
Junk foods at fast food restaurants as well as processed foods at grocery retailers represent the largest sources of sodium intake from refined salts.








HOW UNREFINED SEA SALT IS GOOD FOR YOU (Bauman, 2012), (Ener-Chi Wellness Center, 2013), (Kresser, 2012), (Natural Health International, 2014),(Radiant Health Strategies, 2010)








  • The human body consists primarily of two elements … water and salt.
  • Water and salt when combined with light can build proteins.
  • Our blood is a 1% sole (water and salt) solution – the same concentration as ocean water.


Making sole: Add one one teaspoon of unrefined sea salt to a glass of artesian or spring water and drink before eating or drinking anything.
Making sole:
Add one one teaspoon of unrefined sea salt to a glass of artesian or spring water and drink before eating or drinking anything.
  • Salt has a crystalline structure that is electric not molecular (think about the word “electrolytes”).
  • Salt can neutralize acids in our bodies and it can also cancel out harmful electromagnetic vibrations in our environment.
  • It is water and salt that regulates all metabolic functions of the body, including functions of the solid matter itself.
  • Without water and salt, the solid matter of our body is absolutely useless. It is water and salt that energizes and activates our bodies.
  • Without potassium (which is stripped from processed table salt) and sodium, we could not think or act.





  • Cells suffering from a dietary deficiency of trace elements lose their ability to control their ions – causing dire consequences on the human body. Cells begin to burst even if ion equilibrium is lost for a single minute. This can lead to nervous disorders, brain damage, or muscle spasms, as well as a breakdown of the cell-regenerating process.
  • Ingesting natural sea salt (reconstituted seawater) allows liquids to freely cross body membranes, blood vessels walls, and glomeruli (filter units) of the kidneys. When the natural salt concentration rises in the blood, the salt will readily combine with the fluids in the neighboring tissues. This, in turn, will allow the cells to derive more nourishment from the enriched intracellular fluid.
  • In addition, healthy kidneys are easily able to remove these natural saline fluids, which is essential for keeping the fluid concentration in the body balanced.
  • Refined salt, in contrast, may pose a great risk to the body by preventing this free crossing of liquids and minerals thereby causing fluids to accumulate and stagnate in the joints, lymphatic ducts, lymph nodes, and kidneys.




  • The dehydrating effect of commercial salt can lead to gallstone formation, weight increase, high blood pressure, and other serious health problems.
  • The body requires salt to digest carbohydrates properly. Natural salt, saliva and gastric secretions combine to break down the fibrous parts of carbohydrate foods. In its dissolved and ionized form, salt facilitates the digestive process and sanitizes the GI tract.
  • The Celts, who lived throughout Europe about 1,200 BC to 61 AD, used unrefined sea salt to treat major physical and mental disturbances, severe burns, and other ailments.
  • Research has shown that sea water removes hydro-electrolytic imbalance, a disorder that causes a loss of the immune response, allergies, and numerous other health problems.
  • In recent years, salt has received a bad reputation and people have learned to fear it – in the same mistaken way they fear cholesterol and sunlight. Many doctors warn their patients to avoid sodium and sodium-rich foods. However, to live a salt-free life means suffering from an increased risk of mineral and trace mineral deficiencies, as well as from numerous related complications.
  • While it is true that consuming processed table sale is likely to have serious health consequences, eating unrefined salt fulfills the body’s need for salt without upsetting the hydro-electrolytic balance.





  • If your diet contains an adequate amount of potassium in natural form, there’s no cause for concern about being harmed by the relatively small amount of sodium in real sea salt.
  • Foods that are  high in potassium are bananas, apricots, avocados, pumpkin seeds, beans, potatoes, winter squash, and many other vegetables.
  • However, if potassium levels in the body drop below normal, sodium (even in natural salt) can become a source of imbalance.
  • Dissolving a pinch of sea salt in a small amount of water and adding that to fruit or other foods that are usually eaten raw will aid in their digestion while also helping to de-acidify the body.
  • Adding a pinch of sea salt to drinking water generates desirable alkaline properties and provides you with important minerals and trace elements.
  • The drastic reduction of sodium can be just as harmful as consuming large amounts of it. Too little can cause spasms, irregular heart rhythms, sudden death and even increase the risk of heart attack in hypertensive patients.
  • Understanding the role sodium plays in the body, and the difference between “good” and “bad” sources of sodium, will help you get the bad salt out of your diet while still satisfying your body’s need for a source of high quality sodium.



Two Salts That Are Good for You vs Processed Salt
Two Salts That Are Good for You vs Processed Salt



















HIMALAYAN PINK SEA SALT (Underground Health, 2013)




Himalayan pink salt is considered the best and most nutritious of all the sea salts – it’s also my personal favorite. It’s pretty and has a light, clean taste.
Himalayan Pink Salt was formed from marine fossil deposits over 250 million years ago, during the Jurassic Era.
Himalayan sea salt’s high mineral and iron content causes its crystals to range in color from sheer white, varying shades of pink, to deep reds. It contains over 84 minerals and trace elements – such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, copper and iron. This salt is recognized for its beautiful pink color, high mineral content, and its therapeutic properties.
It is used to stimulate circulation, relax the body, lower blood pressure, soothe sore muscles, and remove toxins from the body. Himalayan Salt can be used for cooking, in bath salt recipes, body scrubs, aromatherapy, and handmade soaps.
Regular consumption of Himalayan Pink Salt provides essential minerals and other trace elements, balances electrolytes, supports proper nutrient absorption, eliminates toxins, balances the body’s pH, normalizes blood pressure, and increases circulation and conductivity. It’s helpful for arthritis, skin rashes, psoriasis, herpes, and flue and fever symptoms.



Himalayan Pink Sea Salt
Himalayan Pink Sea Salt



Natural Pink Himalayan Sea Salt:
  • Stabilizes irregular heartbeats
  • Regulates your blood pressure, in conjunction with water
  • Extracts excess acidity from your body’s cells, particularly the brain cells
  • Balances the sugar levels in the blood
  • Generates hydroelectric energy in your body’s cells
  • Increases conductivity in nerve cells for communication and information processing
  • Enhances absorption of nutrients through the intestinal tract
  • Clears mucous plugs and sticky phlegm in the lungs, particularly in asthma and cystic fibrosis
  • Clears up congestion of the sinuses
  • Provides your body with a strong natural antihistamine
  • Regulates sleep: It is a natural hypnotic
  • Eliminates persistent dry coughs. Put a dash on the tongue
  • Prevents gout and gouty arthritis
  • Helps maintain sexuality and libido
  • Prevents varicose veins and spider veins
  • Provides your body with all essential mineral and every necessary trace mineral it needs to thrive
  • Helps treat emotional disorders
  • Preserves serotonin and melatonin, known antidepressant neurotransmitters
  • Helps the kidney to pass excess acidity into the urine
  • Is a strong anti-stress element for the body
  • Helps maintain muscle tone and strength
  • Stops excess saliva production
  • Strengthens bone structure. Osteoporosis, in many ways, is a result of salt and water shortage in the body
  • Prevents muscle cramps

(Natural Health International, 2014)







CELTIC SEA SALT (Holistic Health Reforms, 2014), (Water Benefits Health, 2013)



Coarse Gray Sea Salt (Celtic Salt)
Coarse Gray Sea Salt (Celtic Salt)



Celtic sea salt is naturally extracted through sun drying and is grayish in color. It supplies, in bio-available form, all 82 trace minerals needed by the human body for optimal health.
Celtic salt is harvested off the shores of Brittany in France.
Health benefits provided by Celtic sea salt:

Regulates heartbeat and blood pressure. Refined salt can cause high blood pressure. Natural salt with adequate water intake can help to stabilize irregular heartbeats and normalize blood pressure. In other words, if you have low blood pressure, taking Celtic sea salt can help to raise it. If you have high blood pressure, it can help to lower it.

Eliminates mucus buildup. Celtic salt helps eliminate existing mucus buildup and also helps prevent it – making it very helpful for people with allergies, asthma, sinus issues, or bronchial congestion.

Improves brain function. Sea salt also helps to extract excess acidity and toxins from brain cells. It supports the health of nerve cells and their ability to communicate and process information.

Balances blood sugars. Celtic sea salt helps balance blood sugars so is especially helpful for diabetics.

Alkalizes the body. Excess acidity in the body is an underlying cause of many diseases. Salt is vital to the removal of excess acid wastes from the cells. In addition, mineral-rich salt will help maintain an optimal acid-alkaline balance.

Reduces toxins. And overall helps prevent ill-health.

Increases energy. Salt and water are the key elements for the generation of hydro-electric energy in the cells. Fatigue results when sodium and trace minerals are deficient in the body.

Provides electrolyte balance. Natural Celtic salt stimulates salivation, helps balance and replenish all of the body’s electrolyte minerals, releasing excess sodium and water. For problems with water retention, gradual sea salt intake can help to release the excess water stored in body tissue.

Builds immunity. Regular intake of natural sea salt and its highly absorptive minerals can provide a higher resistance to illness, infections, and disease. It can also help your body to heal faster after an injury or surgery and aids in relieving skin conditions.

Promotes restful sleep. The abundance of trace minerals in natural sea salt will have a calming effect on the entire nervous system. In addition, the proper ratio of water and salt consumption can help to prevent the need to urinate during the night.

Prevents muscle cramps. Muscle cramps are often caused by an electrolyte imbalance, especially a lack of sodium. Celtic sea salt provides these minerals in the correct proportion. Your body will take what it needs and get rid of the rest, as long as you are drinking enough water.

Generally restores good digestion.

Will keep virtually indefinitely if properly stored.

Contains all 82 vital trace minerals. These vital trace minerals are needed to promote optimum biological function and cellular maintenance.









MALDON SALT (Maldon Crystal Salt Company, 2014)




Maldon Salt from Essex, England
Maldon Salt from Essex, England

Maldon sea salt is produced by evaporating the salty waters of the Blackwater River that winds through southeast England, in Essex County. The water is filtered and carefully evaporated to create pyramid-shaped crystals that have a large surface area but are very thin and light in texture. It’s pure white color and flaky texture adds a crunch as a finishing salt on food.
Salt has been harvested in Essex for over 2,000 years, when seawater was partially evaporated and then heated in clay pots over open fires. When all the water was gone, the pots were broken open to reveal the resulting salt crystals.
Maldon salt is still made in much the same way. Seawater is filtered and boiled to remove any impurities. Then it’s heated until the salt turns into beautiful crystals.
According to the Domesday Book completed in 1086 on orders of William the Conqueror, there were 45 salt pans operating in the Maldon area and 100’s more across the county. The Guild of Salt Makers was founded in 1394 and its sign, the three cups, is still seen in Essex.
All the other salt makers were taxed out of existence, leaving Maldon as the last survivor of this long history of high quality salt making.
Unrefined Maldon salt crystals are mild tasting, crunchy, and retain high levels of the trace minerals and elements the human body needs to function properly.


Essex Salt Harvest (Source:
Essex Salt Harvest





HAWAIIAN RED SEA SALT (Saltworks, 2014-A)



Coarse Hawaiian Red Sea Salt (Alaea)
Coarse Hawaiian Red Sea Salt (Alaea)

Hawaiian Red Sea Salt, also known as Alaea, is the traditional sea salt Hawaiians use for seasoning and preserving food; in healing rituals for medicinal purposes; and in ceremonies to cleanse, purify and bless tools and canoes.
It is an unprocessed sea salt rich in trace minerals found in sea water. A small amount of harvested reddish Hawaiian clay (Alae) enriches the salt with iron oxide.
It’s available as coarse and fine crystals and works well in a salt grinder. Good for roasting or grilling meats, it’s the traditional seasoning for native Hawaiian dishes such as Kalua Pig, Hawaiian Jerky, and Poke.
I grind some as a finishing salt onto salads and other dishes.




FLEUR DE SEL (Bitterman, 2014)




fleur de sel 1 oz


Fleur de Sel (‘Flower of the Sea’) is a sea salt harvested by hand in France by skimming salt ponds. It’s 100% pure, quantities are limited, and the salt is quite expensive.


Harvesting Fleur de Sel
Harvesting Fleur de Sel


Fleur de Sel is believed by many chefs to be the best finishing salt on earth –  lending a highly desirable level of complexity to food.  It’s distinguished by fine, glistening crystals in a pale shade resembling the color of summer clouds.
Its crystals are irregularly sized and unevenly shaped. The smaller crystals dissolve quickly in the mouth, discharging a salty intensity.
A good Fleur de Sel has about a 10.3% residual moisture which allows the crystals to repel outside moisture so they don’t melt as easily as a drier salt, providing a satisfying crunch when eaten on food.
Fleur de Sel is also  very high in mineral content, due to the well-controlled evaporation process of the paludiers (salt rakers) who harvest it from the pans where the sea water is evaporated. It contains .25% calcium, .37% magnesium, and .09% potassium – as well as varying trace quantities of iron, zinc, manganese, and dozens of other minerals. all these combine with the sodium chloride to form a well-rounded, mellow finishing salt.
And finally, it is beautiful. Its moist, refractive crystals range in color from from barn owl gray to oyster white.






BLACK LAVA SEA SALT (Infinite Salt Creations, 2014)



Black Lava Salt from Hawaii
Black Lava Salt from Hawaii


Black Lava Salt is from Hawaii and is a blend of unrefined sea salt and purified volcanic charcoal. This salt is evaporated in above-ground pools that formed naturally from lava flows. Activated charcoal, a proven anti-toxin and digestive-tract palliative, is added for color and for its detoxifying effects. Many people take it as a nutritional supplement.
Black Lava Salt has an unforgettable aroma and important health benefits from the charcoal in the lava. Its striking color and interesting smoky taste make it a great finishing salt for any dish. It’s especially good on salads, vegetables, sushi, grilled steak, teriyaki chicken or tofu.
Charcoal is good as a natural aid for stomach and gas ailments. It also helps prevent the stomach and intestines from absorbing most poisons or drugs.
I can tell you from personal experience that its crystals are too wet to work in a salt grinder, but they’re relatively soft so can be pulverized using your fingers.



Grilled Pineapple Finished with Black Lava Sea Salt
Grilled Pineapple Finished with Hawaiian Black Lava Sea Salt








PREMIER PINK SALT (Premier Research Labs, 2014)



Pink Salt by Premier Research Labs is from ancient Mediterranean & Hawaiian Alaea sea beds. It's raw, tasty, & has many health benefits
Pink Salt by Premier Research Labs is from ancient Mediterranean & Hawaiian Alaea sea beds. It’s raw, tasty, & has many health benefits


My holistic health care practitioner recommended Premier Research Labs’ Pink Salt to me in 2010 while we were treating my nasty Clostridium difficile infection, suggesting that I mix a small amount into filtered water or just lick it off my hand daily to help rebalance my electrolytes.
This pink salt has a robust flavor that’s much stronger than either the Hawaiian Alaea or Himalayan Pink Sea Salts I use daily.
Premier Pink Salt is a blend of two premium, untreated, unheated, solar-dried sea salts: pure Mediterranean Sea Salt and Alaea Hawaiian Sea Salt.
The Mediterranean salt has sparkling white crystals. The crystals of the Alaea (described in another section above) are a dark pink with orange tones. Both salts contain valuable trace elements that are missing from regular, processed table salt.
Premier Pink Salt does not contain any of the ‘anti-clumping’ chemicals commonly added to regular table salt – no aluminum hydroxide, refined sugar, stearic acid, sodium ferrocyanide, calcium phosphate and other undesirable additives.
This salt combination is rich in electrolytes and provides bio-available minerals for the body to produce other essentials minerals and hydrochloric acid necessary for proper digestion.






Laboratory testing has shown that Premier Pink Salt contains quantum state phytonutrients that deliver the Quantum Nutrient Effect. The Quantum Nutrient Effect (QNE) refers to the phenomenon of  truly synergistic nutrients working together to create an effect far greater than the sum of their individual benefits – by a factor of 2 to 100 fold or more.  This combination promotes the most rapid shift to ideal cellular resonance for targeted organs and glands in the body, thus helping achieve a quantum leap to greater health. (Kelley, no year)







Benefits of Salt in Your Diet

“. . .all of us have in our veins the exact same percentage of salt in our blood that exists in the ocean, and, therefore, we have salt in our blood, in our sweat, in our tears. We are tied to the ocean. And, when we go back to the sea. . . we are going back to whence we came.”

-John F. Kennedy




A Variety of Unrefined Sea Salts
A Variety of Unrefined Sea Salts






Bauman, D. (2012). Let’s Talk about Real Salt.  See:

Bitterman, M. (2014). The Four Facets of Fleur de Sel. Salt News.  See:

Center for Science in the Public Interest. (2014). Salt’s Deadly Toll.  See:

Ener-Chi Wellness Center. (2013). 16 Reasons Why Eating Unrefined Salt Benefits Our Health.  See:

Freeman, S. (2014). How Salt Works.  See:

Holistic Health Reforms. (2014). Why Use Celtic Sea Salts?  Health Freedom Resources. See:

Infinite Salt Creations. (2014). Black Lava Salts.  See:

Kelley, L. (no year). Quantum Nutrient Effect.  See:

Kresser, C. (2012).  Shaking up the Salt Myth: The History of Salt. See:

Kurlansky, M. (2002) Salt: A World History. See:

Maldon Crystal Salt Company. (2014). Maldon and the Essex Saltmakers.  See:

Natural Health International. (2014). Himalayan Crystal Salt.  See:

Premier Research Labs. (2014). Pink Salt Premier.  See:

Radiant Health Strategies. (2010). All About Salt.  See:

Salt Works. (2014). History of Salt.  See:

Salt Works. (2014 – A). Alaea Hawaiian Sea Salt. See:

Thomas, P. (2009). What Type of Salt is Best? Ecologist.  See:

Underground Health. (2013).  Amazing Benefits of Himalayan Pink Salt.  See:

Water Benefits Health. (2013). Celtic Sea Salt: 10 Key Health Benefits and Usage. See:



© Copyright 2014 Joan Rothchild Hardin. All Rights Reserved.


DISCLAIMER:  Nothing on this site or blog is intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.