Tag Archives: Energy Medicine



(Source: www.irishhealth.com)
(Source: www.irishhealth.com)
I learned something very helpful from my recent thermography. After weeks of intense intestinal distress, I now know (at least in part) what the cause was and how to fix it.
Turns out my symptoms (bloating, burping, gas, feeling full after eating only a little, abdominal pain, fever spikes, spastic diarrhea, insomnia – feeling weak, toxic and just generally awful) were due in large part to my pyloric and ileocecal valves’ having become sluggish. What a relief to get this information. And the fixes works quickly: I feel better immediately after doing them!
We’ll get to these shortly, but first some information on the functions of those valves and what can go wrong if they’re not working properly.

For information on thermography, see Inflammation and  What You Don’t Know CAN Harm You.






(Source: www.newhealthguide.org )
(Source: www.newhealthguide.org )


The pyloric valve is a sphincter-type valve that controls the opening between the bottom end of the stomach and the beginning of the small intestine. It’s located about 2″ above the  navel, more or less in the center of the body.
The pyloric valve’s principal function is to control the flow of partially digested material from the stomach into the duodenum, the topmost section of the small intestine, where most of the nutrients get extracted from what we eat. When the valve is working well, it opens slightly a few times a minute to allow a small amount of food to move into the duodenum. Its secondary function is to prevent bile from flowing back from the small intestine into the stomach (bile reflux).
When the pyloric valve is malfunctioning, as it does in many people – even some who aren’t aware they’re having a problem, it creates  discomfort and many serious medical problems. Malfunctioning of this valve includes spasms that prevent it from opening or closing completely.


Bloating: Symptom of a Pyloric Valve That Isn’t Opening Properly

(Source: www.34-menopause-symptoms.com)
(Source: www.34-menopause-symptoms.com)
When the valve spasms, it becomes inflamed. You can experience pain as food tries passing from your stomach into your small intestine. If the spasms are severe, you may become nauseated and experience violent vomiting as your stomach attempts to clear itself. The usual symptoms of a spastic pyloric valve that isn’t opening properly are bloating and a sharp pain after eating.
If the valve isn’t closing properly, bile can flow back into the stomach from the intestines. The Mayo Clinic says, “Bile reflux can be difficult to distinguish from acid reflux…. and the two conditions may occur at the same time.” Bile reflux can lead to some serious issues, including damage to the stomach and esophageal linings, bleeding ulcers, and Barrett’s Esophagus. (Thermal Imaging of the Southwest, 2013)


Bile Reflux: Symptom of a Pyloric Valve That Isn’t Closing Properly

(Source: gallbladderattack.com)
(Source: gallbladderattack.com)

“When the (pyloric) sphincter is contracted, it holds food in the stomach, allowing the digestive juices to do their work. This breaks down the food into a substance called “chyme.” Once the food has broken down, the sphincter opens and allows it to enter the duodenum. The time the food spends in the stomach allows the body to absorb more of the nutrients.

“As long as the sphincter is healthy, it serves as a one-way door to the intestines, and that keeps your digestive system moving smoothly.”

– New Health Guide, 2014



The malfunctioning, constricted pyloric valve shown on this thermogram is visible inside the black oval in the center of the body:

Thermogram of a Pyloric Valve in Distress

(Source: www.tiofsw.com)
(Source: www.tiofsw.com)
When the pyloric valve is constricted and inflamed, blood flow increases to that area.  When the valve doesn’t close properly, allowing bile to flow back into the stomach and attack the stomach lining, blood flow to this area increases. It is the increased heat in the distressed area, caused by this additional blood flow, that the thermographic infrared camera captures on the image.
“Dr. Gregory Melvin, a board-certified thermography-reading doctor, notes that ‘Most conditions are detectable with infrared imaging. When the pyloric valve is under distress, it creates a specific and unique thermal image, making it fairly obvious.’” (Thermal Imaging of the Southwest, 2013)








(Source: study.com)
(Source: study.com)
The ileocecal valve is a sphincter-type valve located at the junction of the end of the small intestine and beginning of the large intestine. Its purpose is twofold: 1) To retain the contents of the small intestine long enough for the digestive process to be completed, and 2) As a barrier to prevent bacteria laden material in the large intestine from ‘back flowing’ into the small intestine and contaminating it.
When the ileocecal valve is closed, the partially digested food stays in the small intestine, where the body renders and absorbs nutrients. Once material has been allowed to pass through the ileocecal valve to enter the large intestine, the valve closes again to prevent back flow from the large intestine.



When the ileocecal valve is functioning normally:
  • It remains closed most of the time, opening only when food is ready to pass from the small intestine into the large intestine for further processing.
  • It opens briefly to allow the contents of the small intestine to exit into the large intestine.
  • After food has moved through it, it closes again quickly to prevent contents of the large intestine from leaking back into the small intestine.


An ileocecal valve sticking in the open position allows a backwash of watery waste material from the large intestine to get absorbed back into the small intestine. This is serious because the small intestine is where the process of creating blood to fuel the body begins.
A valve stuck in the open position can cause frequent diarrhea leading to dehydration and lack of energy
A valve sticking in the closed position can cause tightness in the bowel movements or constipation.
Both conditions create a toxic condition and cause imbalances anywhere in the body where there is blood. (Minckler, undated) (Pollard, undated)
Dysfunction of the ileocecal valve, remaining either open or closed, causes organs and/or muscles to become more susceptible to developing problems.
A person with an open valve will feel better when stationary and worse when moving around. Someone with a closed valve will feel worse upon rising or being inactive and better when moving around. (NeuroHealth Chiropractic, 2013)



These include:
  • Consuming insufficient nutrients
  • An improper nerve supply
  • Misalignment of the joints
  • Not chewing food well enough
  • Emotional stress
  • Travel
  • Diet
– Pollard, undated


Some foods to avoid:
  • Bread and other dense foods to help keep it from sticking
  • Caffeine
  • Spicy and sugary foods
Supplements that support the functioning of the whole digestive system include:
  • Vitamin B12
  • Vitamin C
  • AFA blue green algae
– Earthclinic, 2015
“This very important anatomical structure does an unheralded job. The Ileocecal Valve is such a major cause of digestive symptoms for people that the problem has reached epidemic proportions; yet, outside the chiropractic profession, its function and importance are practically unknown.
“Problems with an open ileocecal valve (Ileocecal Valve Syndrome) are extremely common in today’s society yet its symptoms are often misdiagnosed. Very few health practitioners understand the significance of the ICV in digestive problems.” (Pollard, undated)


Image of a Healthy Ileocecal Valve

(Source: csnanatomy.pbworks.com)


This is where your ileocecal valve is found – on the RIGHT side of your body, about 4 fingers (c. 2″) below your navel and 4 fingers to your right side, just inside your pelvic bone:
(Source: www.medicinedreamhea(Source: www.medicinedreamhealing.com)
(Source: www.medicinedreamhealing.com)


An image of a malfunctioning ileocecal valve is visible in the thermogram below, on the right of the body, just inside the hip bone.


Thermogram Showing a Blocked Ileocecal Valve

(Source: http://www.tiofsw.com)
(Source: http://www.tiofsw.com)



Consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol will stress the ileocecal valve, causing it to stick in the open position. This result is one of the main causes of hangovers. (Minckler, undated)







(Source: drmayabose.com)
(Source: drmayabose.com)

Click here to see a larger version of this  chart if you’re unable to read the small print in the one above.


Problems with the ileocecal valve (sticking in the open or closed position) cause such a variety of symptoms, the valve has been called the “great mimicker” by the chiropractic profession. Its symptoms can manifest far from the valve itself.
Interestingly, symptoms of an open or closed ileocecal valve are very similar. They include (Pollard, undated) (True Vitality, 2015):
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Heart palpitations and feeling of the heart fluttering
  • Chest pain during activity
  • Edema
  • Right shoulder pain simulating bursitis
  • Neck stiffness
  • Mid-afternoon dizziness
  • Tinnitus
  • Nausea
  • Faintness
  • Sudden thirst
  • General achiness
  • Joint pain
  • Circulation problems
  • Pinched nerves
  • Whole body arthritis
  • Sudden, stabbing, sharp low back or leg pain that feels just like a disc pain, especially when sitting or driving, with no mechanical cause
  • Sharp, pinpoint headaches, especially on the left side, at the base of the skull
  • Dull headaches, which often linger for hours in the frontal area
  • Migraine headaches – often as a system-wide response to the toxicity of the ileocecal valve
  • Chronic sinus infection, dripping sinuses, especially when not during allergy season
  • Allergies – the type often wrongly attributed to dust, cat hair, and mites
  • Dark circles under the eyes, puffy cheeks
  • Any of the “colon syndromes” such as Crohn’s disease, spastic colon, irritable bowel, celiac disease
  • Burning leg pain (that feels like a nerve) into the front of the left thigh
  • Asthma-like symptoms
  • General non-specific lower GI discomfort or symptoms often attributed to a psychological cause by practitioners unfamiliar with the ileocecal valve
Pollard offers this useful analogy of what happens when your ileocecal valve doesn’t work properly:
“Let’s say you have just finished preparing a wonderful meal and are about to sit down to enjoy it. Just before you do, you place the meal on the counter next to the sink. You take the remnants of the preparation process–carrot tops, meat gristle, pineapple thorns, and whatever else–and put them in the garbage disposal to be whisked away.
“For our example, let’s say you forget to put the cover on the garbage disposal. What happens when you flick the switch? As you might imagine, the contents of the garbage meant for disposal could fly all around the kitchen area mixing with your newly prepared meal. If this happened, you wouldn’t want to eat your meal.
“It goes without saying that you don’t want the contents of the garbage area of your intestines mixing with the contents of the kitchen area. Unfortunately, this is exactly what happens in the body’s most important “kitchen area,” the small intestine.
“The ileocecal valve serves the same function as the cover or cap on the garbage disposal. If the ileocecal valve becomes open and remains open, the contents of the large intestine can and do leak back into the small intestine. This is not good for many reasons.
“One reason is the contents of the two different sections of the tube have different pH chemistry. If the two juices mix, this immediately causes gas. Another is that the contents of the small intestine are to be absorbed; whereas the contents of the large intestine are to be eliminated.
“The whole purpose of the ileocecal valve is to prevent the contents of these two distinctly different parts of the digestive tube from coming in contact. Probably very few people have not had some discomfort from their ileocecal valve at some point in their lives.” (Pollard, undated)






(Source: debrasdollars.blogspot.com)
(Source: debrasdollars.blogspot.com)
If we’re swallowing our food before it has been properly chewed, we’re putting great stress on the various parts of our digestive system as they try doing their specific jobs of breaking it down to extract nutrients from it and move it along.
Digestion begins in the mouth with mastication (the chewing process). If we’re not doing it well or long enough, we’re inviting some serious health problems.
Our whole digestive system below the mouth is designed to process increasingly smaller particles passing through its various parts.
Chewing breaks down the large chunks we put in our mouths into smaller particles, making it easier for the digestive juices in our stomachs to turn the masticated food it receives into chyme (partially digested food), our intestines to absorb nutrients and energy, and preventing improperly digested (too large) food particles from getting through the mucosal lining of our small intestine and into our blood stream, where their presence causes autoimmune reactions.
{See INCREASED GUT PERMEABILITY – CAUSES & CONSEQUENCES for a description of how our digestion works, from mouth to anus, and some of the many health problems caused by increased gut permeability (leaky gut).}
The longer we chew our food, the more opportunity we’re giving the enzyme-containing saliva in our mouths to begin breaking it down. Our saliva also helps lubricate our food, easing its passage down the esophagus on its way to the stomach.
Here are some tips for how to prepare our food before it begins its journey down our gullets,  into our stomachs and beyond (Mercola, 2013):
  • Take smaller bites of food. You won’t have to work as hard to reduce them to smaller particles.
  • Chew slowly and steadily.
  • Chew until your mouthful of food is liquefied or has lost its texture.
  • Chew and swallow completely before taking another bite of food.
  • Wait to drink fluids until after you’ve swallowed.
It’s especially important to chew these difficult foods carefully and completely so they don’t clog your ileocecal valve: Raw salads, popcorn, and raw nuts. (Pollard, undated)






(Source: www.slideshare.net)
(Source: www.slideshare.net)


We’re all aware that physical and emotional stress impact all the systems in our bodies – including our digestion. Our bodies are hard wired to scan the environment for imminent attacks or threats to our existence – very big sources of stress. When our autonomic nervous system (ANS) perceives such a threat, it sets off a series of reactions to maximize our chances of successfully fighting off the threat or running away from it.
These are the body’s automatic Fight or Flight responses:


(Source: www.aflintchiropractor.com)
(Source: www.aflintchiropractor.com)


These responses made a great deal of sense for our survival when we were in frequent danger of being eaten or maimed by wild animals – we either stayed to fight them or ran away. The act of either physically fighting or fleeing resets the entire Fight or Flight system, using up the extra adrenaline our ANS has released to increase our chance of successfully fighting or fleeing. This reset allows the body to return to its natural state of balance (homeostasis).


(Source: polyskeptic.com)
(Source: polyskeptic.com)
In our current world, our bodies still automatically put us into Fight or Flight when we feel in danger but the threats to us now are mostly ones not amenable to physical fights or speedy escapes. They’re mostly from the frightened chatter going on in our heads  (eg, financial worries, worry about the future, what to do about stresses at home or at work) so our bodies aren’t easily able to reset and return us to homeostasis.  (Benn, 2015)


Unresolved vs Resolved Fight or Flight Response

(Source: faculty.weber.edu)
(Source: faculty.weber.edu)


Our digestive systems shut down or greatly slow down when we feel threatened and go into Fight or Flight. The energy required for digestion gets diverted elsewhere where it’s immediately needed for life-saving activities.
Here’s a description of the profound changes that take place in the body whenever our ANS initiates Flight or Flight:
“When our fight or flight response is activated, sequences of nerve cell firing occur and chemicals like adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol are released into our bloodstream. These patterns of nerve cell firing and chemical release cause our body to undergo a series of very dramatic changes. Our respiratory rate increases. Blood is shunted away from our digestive tract and directed into our muscles and limbs, which require extra energy and fuel for running and fighting. Our pupils dilate. Our awareness intensifies. Our sight sharpens. Our impulses quicken. Our perception of pain diminishes. Our immune system mobilizes with increased activation. We become prepared—physically and psychologically—for fight or flight. We scan and search our environment, “looking for the enemy.”
“When our fight or flight system is activated, we tend to perceive everything in our environment as a possible threat to our survival. By its very nature, the fight or flight system bypasses our rational mind—where our more well thought out beliefs exist—and moves us into “attack” mode. This state of alert causes us to perceive almost everything in our world as a possible threat to our survival. As such, we tend to see everyone and everything as a possible enemy. Like airport security during a terrorist threat, we are on the look out for every possible danger. We may overreact to the slightest comment. Our fear is exaggerated. Our thinking is distorted. We see everything through the filter of possible danger. We narrow our focus to those things that can harm us. Fear becomes the lens through which we see the world.” (Neimark, undated)



When we remain in a chronic state of Fight or Flight – whether from internal worry or external circumstances, we remain in a highly aroused state of chronic stress. The fact that perceived threat as well as actual threat sets off Fight or Flight is important to understanding why so many of us live locked in a state of Fight or Flight.


(Source: www.sciencenews.org)
(Source: www.sciencenews.org)
Since what’s going on in the mind directly affect the health of the body, chronic stress, trauma and strong emotion we’re unwilling to deal with, and exhaustion take a toll on the body –  including our ileocecal valves.
Chiropractor Melinda Benn says this about the emotional aspects of ongoing stress from chronic Fight or Flight:
“The body has a record of every physical and/or emotional trauma that it has ever encountered. These traumas can cause the body to be locked in the fight-flight pattern discussed above. Oftentimes illness occurs because of trauma that is locked into the cells.
The root cause of the health problem must be addressed for the symptoms to resolve. “For example, many lung problems stem from grief. The lungs are the organ of grief and prolonged grieving, even on a subconscious level, can and will often cause chronic lung problems such as bronchitis, continuous colds, or even recurrent pneumonia. These problems often do not respond well to traditional medical care such as antibiotics, because the problem is not rooted in a bacterial or viral infection but is instead rooted in the cell memory of the person’s grief. By discharging the cell memory the body is able to heal itself and continue functioning without the constant health problems that the memories created. This work will not remove a persons memories, only the negative effects the cell memory may be having on the body.” (Benn, 2015)






The video below, made by Tammy Kohlschmidt of Thermography For Health, demonstrates how to release both your pyloric and ileocecal valves. Tammy has graciously given permission to include her video here.
Use this password to open and view it: videosetpv



(Source: www.tiofsw.com)
(Source: www.tiofsw.com)
Here’s a second instructional video, made by Thermal Imaging of the Southwest, on how to flush the stomach contents for problems like bloating, constipation and blockage.




This third video, Your Ileo Cecal Valve and how to close it when it’s stuck open, demonstrates how to close the valve manually from a standing position. It explains what the ileocecal valve is, its location, and how to close it yourself it it’s stuck open. The video details the type of sensation you’ll have when the valve is stuck in its open position.






To help me remember how to do these manual valve releases, I wrote out the steps from Tammy Kohlschmidt’s video:



Lie down flat with a half roll (or small rolled up blanket) under your lumbar area so your abdomen is raised a bit. You may also want to put a small pillow or yoga block under your head.


Have a 3 pound or larger hand weight nearby. You can use a glass bottle filled with liquid if you don’t have a hand weight. The weight is easier to hold and works better at getting into the valves.


PYLORIC VALVE RELEASE (do for 1-2 minutes)

Your pyloric valve connects your stomach to your  small intestine. It’s located about 4 fingers (c. 2″) up from your navel, more or less in the center of your body.

  • Use the end of the hand weight to knead on top of your pyloric valve, rocking from its L side (the stomach end of the valve) toward its R side (where the pyloric valve connects to the small intestine).
  • Then use the end of the weight to push all the way from your L (on the stomach) to the pyloric valve to move any partially digested food in your stomach through  your valve into your small intestine.
  • Repeat several times.


ILEOCECAL VALVE RELEASE (do for 1-2 minutes)

Your ileocecal valve connects your small intestine to your large intestine. It’s located about 4 fingers down from your navel (c. 2″) + 4 fingers to your R. This valve opens diagonally toward your L shoulder.

  • Use the end of a 3 pound weight to push into the valve, up and diagonally in the direction of your L shoulder.
  • Use the end of the weight to push all the way from the  L side of your body on a horizontal line, along the small intestine, all the way over to your ileocecal valve on your R.







Reflexology is a therapeutic massage technique employing the application of specific types of pressure of hand, thumb and fingers to points on the extremities corresponding to a map of the human body’s reflex points.
This diagram shows where the reflexology point for the ileocecal valve is located – near the little toe side edge of the RIGHT foot, just above the heel:


(Source: green-holisticlifestyle.blogspot.com)
(Source: green-holisticlifestyle.blogspot.com)


Here’s a photo of reflexology pressure being applied to the ileocecal point on the sole of a person’s right foot:



(Source: www.energyforliving.com.au)


If you’ve ever had foot reflexology, you know that spots corresponding to organs and other parts of your body where you’re having difficulties may be tender and pressure applied to them can hurt – a bit or a lot.
The helpful aspect of this is that, you know when you’ve found the right spot when you’re doing reflexology on yourself.
My ileocecal valve has been malfunctioning so I decided to do some reflexology on myself. When I applied firm pressure on the ileocecal point, it felt quite tender – and the tenderness continued for a few minutes after I stopped. Just for comparison, I applied equal pressure on the same spot on my left sole. That felt good but not at all tender.
For people who doubt its efficacy, here’s the story of my first encounter with foot reflexology:
While on vacation with my family in Colorado, I had stomach flu or some other kind of digestive problem that caused great distress whenever I tried eating anything. I’d heard of reflexology and saw that the spa at our hotel offered it. It turned out their reflexologist was out of town that day but another experienced masseur, who could see how ill I felt, said he had a reflexology chart and would try if I was willing.
As he worked on my feet, most of the points he touched felt good – until he got to the digestive areas. (At that time, I had no idea where the various reflex points were located.) When he pressed there, they hurt so much tears came to my eyes. He said he knew those spots would be tender and was purposely using only a very light touch there, which he demonstrated on my arm, where I could barely feel it. So I let him continue, doing Lamaze breathing for the pain, eyes streaming the whole time.
When he was done, I found I was too weak to stand without assistance. So he helped me to a couch in the waiting room, gave me a cup of hot ginger tea, and let me sleep there until I woke up about an hour later – and discovered my digestive problem was totally gone!
I’ve been a big fan of foot reflexology ever since.
(Source: health.learninginfo.org)
(Source: health.learninginfo.org)
If you’re doing foot reflexology on yourself, a Thai Foot Massage Stick is useful. It lets you apply more pressure directly on a point than your fingers probably will.





(Source: theawareshow.com)
(Source: theawareshow.com)
The wonderful Donna Eden, author of several books on Energy Medicine, has another method for returning the ileocecal valve to its normal rhythm. I highly recommend watching this short video showing her teaching it at a workshop. Donna may be the most joyful person on the planet and is an excellent teacher.





When the severe bloating began, I consulted Dr David Miller, who explained that food was fermenting in my GI tract instead of digesting, causing the bloating. That made sense to me but I didn’t know how to stop the fermenting yet. I tried a variety of digestive enzymes that helped some but the problem continued.
I’m concentrating now on chewing my food thoroughly before swallowing, practicing ways to keep my gut from clenching – or relaxing it when I notice it has already clenched, and figuring out when and how often I need to do the release exercises.
Sometimes I use a 3 pound weight to release those valves as shown in the videos.
I also sometimes lie face down on a 4″ hollow, squishy, spiky ball and use the weight of my body instead of pushing with the weight. First, I place the ball under my pyloric valve and move my body on it from left to right to release the valve. Then I move the ball to under my ileocecal valve and roll that part of my body over it in a valve-toward-left shoulder direction to release the valve.
Here’s a picture of the ball I use, somewhat on the under-inflated side so it gives a bit as I lie on it:


4" squishy spiked ball

They’re called EduShape Sensory Balls, available from Amazon. The 4″ balls are the ones at the top  in the box:



If I’m out and about and can’t do the more thorough releases with either the weight or squishy ball, I use my hands:

Pyloric Valve

I make a fist of my right hand and press into my pyloric valve with the knuckles, rocking them from left to right until I feel the valve release.

Ileocecal Valve

Using my right hand in a fist, I press the knuckles into my ileocecal valve and rock upward on a diagonal toward my left shoulder until I feel the valve release.


I’m also going to start using Donna Eden’s method and/or reflexology on the ileocecal valve point – especially when I’m traveling.




 Ever feel like this?
(Source: www.redbookmag.com)
(Source: www.redbookmag.com)
My profound thanks to Tammy Kohlschmidt of Thermography for Health for identifying my pyloric and ileocecal valve problems via thermography and then setting me on the path to knowing how to fix them.






Benn, M.S. (2015). Fight-Flight Response. See: http://www.aflintchiropractor.com/index.php?p=155309

EarthClinic. (2015). Ileocecal Valve Problems and Natural Treatments. See: http://www.earthclinic.com/cures/ileocecal-valve.html

Hardin, J.R. (2013). INFLAMMATION. See: http://allergiesandyourgut.com/symbiosis-versus-dysbiosis/inflammation/

Hardin, J.R. (2015). INCREASED GUT PERMEABILITY – CAUSES & CONSEQUENCES.  See: http://allergiesandyourgut.com/2015/05/10/increased-gut-permeability-causes-consequences/

Kohlschmidt, T. (2015). What You Don’t Know CAN Hurt You. See: http://www.dentistryforhealthny.com/breastthermographyny.html

Mercola, R. (2013). 7 Important Reasons to Properly Chew Your Food. See: http://articles.mercola.com/sites/articles/archive/2013/07/31/chewing-foods.aspx

Minckler, J. (undated). Ileo-cecal Valve. See: http://www.energybalancing.com/selfeval/ileocecal.html

Neimark, N.F. (undated). What is the “fight or flight response?”  See: http://www.thebodysoulconnection.com/EducationCenter/fight.html

NeuroHealth Chiropractic. (2013). Dangers of overindulging – Ileocecal Valve Syndrome. See: http://www.neurohealthchiro.com.au/dangers-of-overindulging-ileocecal-valve-syndrome-1835

New Health Guide. (2014). Pyloric Sphincter Function. See: http://www.newhealthguide.org/Pyloric-Sphincter-Function.html

Pollard, J.K. (undated). Ileocecal Valve: Preventing Backflow. DigestiveAwareness. See: http://digestiveawareness.drupalgardens.com/content/ileocecal-valve-preventing-backflow

Thermal Imaging of the Southwest. (2013). The Painful Passage of Food
Identifying and Treating Pyloric Valve Problems Can Restore Pleasure in Eating, See: http://www.tiofsw.com/pyloric-valve/

True Vitality. (2015). Ileocecal Valve Syndrome. See: https://www.truevitality.com.au/articles/ileocecal-valve-syndrome-2/




© Copyright 2015 Joan Rothchild Hardin. All Rights Reserved.


DISCLAIMER:  Nothing on this site or blog is intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.



The Value of Traditional Tibetan Medicine in the 21st Century

Updated 7/26/2014 and 7/28/2014.




A major flaw in modern Western Medicine is its focus on diagnosing illnesses and then treating them with pharmaceuticals or surgery rather than on the prevention of diseases – maintaining health. We hear procedures such as mammograms and colonoscopies being referred to as ‘preventative’ when their function is really to diagnoses a disease process already under way.


Disease: an impairment of the normal state of the living animal or plant body or one of its parts that interrupts or modifies the performance of the vital functions, is typically manifested by distinguishing signs and symptoms, and is a response to environmental factors (as malnutrition, industrial hazards, or climate), to specific infective agents (as worms, bacteria, or viruses), to inherent defects of the organism (as genetic anomalies), or to combinations of these factors. (Merriam-Webster, 2014)

Put in simpler terms: disease = dis-ease.






In the practice of modern medicine, we are mostly viewed as our symptoms, not as a whole system that has become out of balance. We are largely treated by specialists for the  various symptoms of our imbalance – a dermatologist for our skin problems, an ENT for our allergies, a rheumatologist for our arthritis, a cardiologist for our heart problems, a gastroenterologist for our digestive issues, a urologist for repeated urinary tract infections, mental health practitioners for our emotional problems … and many more specialties and sub-specialties.
Physical illness in the body and emotional well being have unfortunately come to be seen as separate.







If we truly want to be and feel healthy – and greatly reduce the cost of our health care system, we would do well to get re-acquainted with some of the ‘primitive’ healing modalities which emphasize balance in the whole system.




Modern Western Medicine - Traditional Folk Medicine
Modern Western Medicine – Traditional Folk Medicine








Tibetan medicine considers diet, nutrition, behavior and life-style as essential elements of successful treatment.
Tibetan Medicine considers diet, nutrition, behavior and life-style as essential elements of successful treatment.
Tibetan Medicine, one of the world’s oldest healing traditions, has been practiced for more than four thousand years in Tibet and the Himalayan region. Tibetan Medicine, called Sowa Rigpa in Tibetan, means the knowledge and science of healing. Sowa means to heal the imbalanced and Rigpa means the knowledge or science of a particular subject. Sowa Rigpa is regarded as one of the most important sciences in Tibet. (Tibetan Wellness & Healing Center)
Tibetan Medicine is a fully holistic system, highly esteemed throughout Asia for its subtle and accurate diagnoses and effective treatment. It focuses on treating the root causes of symptoms unique to each person and seeks to restore a healthy balance to body and mind – in contrast to Western Medicine’s focus on alleviating the discomfort caused by the symptoms. Tibetan Medicine recognizes how combinations of dietary, psychological, lifestyle and environmental factors can cause imbalances in the body and mind, what many call the ‘body-mind’.
Tibetan sages integrated the finest elements of Indian Ayurvedic, Chinese, Persian, Mongolian and indigenous Tibetan systems of medicine into a unique medical science evolving over centuries.
Tibetan Medicine can be used alone or in conjunction with Western Medicine.
Channels in Tibetan medicine
Channels in Tibetan medicine


PRINCIPLES OF TIBETAN MEDICINE (Tibetan Wellness and Healing):
The fundamental principle of Tibetan Medicine is that the body, the disease, and treatment, all share common principles and are comprised of the five elements, earth, fire, water, air and space. This approach recognizes that every thing in the universe – plants, animals and human beings (including all our body tissues, internal organs, skin, skeletal system and even emotions) are composed of these five elements.
Each one of them plays a major role, both individually and in combination, in all matter. The five elements maintain reciprocal relationships. When they are in balance, the  result is a healthy body, speech and mind.
However, if any one of these elements becomes out of balance – in excess, deficient or disturbed, not only does the affected element manifest disharmony but it also  causes the rest of the elements to lose their balance and manifest particular syndromes or symptoms.
Since each individual disease is caused by disharmony or disturbances in one of the five elements, the treatment principle is to balance the elements through diet according to an individual’s constitution and behavior, utilize herbs, and other accessory therapies such as blood letting, Mey-Tzar (Tibetan moxa), external therapy (heat or cold), natural or medicinal bath, enema, and Ku Nye (Tibetan Massage).





Map of Ancient Tibet
Map of Ancient Tibet




The Tibetan Plateau, home of many herbs and rare plants used in Tibetan Medicine
The Tibetan Plateau, home to many herbs and rare plants used in Tibetan Medicine





TRADITIONAL TIBETAN MEDICINE – AN OVERVIEW (International Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine, 2007)

Traditional Tibetan Medicine (TTM) is a natural and holistic medical science, which addresses the individual’s needs of body, mind and spirit, in an integrated way. Dating back to antiquity, TTM has a genesis, history and development of its own, rooted in the Tibetan landscape, the indigenous culture and the spirit of the Tibetan people.

Traditional Tibetan Medicine contains a comprehensive philosophy, cosmology and system of subtle anatomy with associated spiritual practices.

The study of TTM contains a wealth of knowledge on anatomy and physiology, embryology, pathology, diagnostics and therapeutics, including a huge herbal pharmacopoeia and a large variety of external therapies which are little-known in the Western world.

Despite being one of the world’s most ancient healing systems, Traditional Tibetan Medicine continues to be effectively practised in contemporary society. Modern research is now confirming the extraordinary benefits of this ancient knowledge.

The aims of TTM are two-fold:

  • Preventive aspects: Prevention of illness through correct lifestyle and diet are fundamental to TTM. In this modern age, most chronic diseases arise as a result of imbalance of mental attitude, incorrect lifestyle and incorrect diet. Diabetes and cardiovascular disease are well-known examples of this.
  • Curative aspects: Once imbalance arises, overt disease becomes manifest. It then becomes necessary to re-create balance through working on the underlying causes and effects. This means, in the first instance, attending to dietary and lifestyle factors, and then secondly making use of herbal therapies and external therapies.

What is meant by Balance and Imbalance?

Balance refers to harmony between body, energy and mind. Of these, energy is the most important, as it is the vital link between body and mind. When this vitalising energy becomes imbalanced, the physical body and the mind also lose their balance resulting in ill-health.

Good balance results in a healthy body, a clear calm mind, and abundant energy.

Imbalance arises as the effect of negative causes. In TTM, negative causes are classified as primary or secondary. Primary causes always arise from negative or destructive mental attitudes such as anger or aggression; lust, unhealthy attachment or desire, and ignorance. Secondary causes are the perpetuating factors such as incorrect diet and life style, or acute precipitating factors.




In the Tibetan pharmacopea, natural herbs, plants and wild-flowers are employed for their therapeutic effects. A variety of mineral and a smaller number of animal-derived substances are also used. Many of these substances can be found all over Asia; however some specific, particularly powerful herbs and minerals are found only on the Tibetan high plateau. Due to the pristine nature of this environment, the ingredients of the Tibetan Materia Medica is particularly pure.
Tibetan medicines are formulated according to two guiding principles – Taste and Potency. Doctors examine the tastes of substances and compound a combination of medicines. Each substance of the Materia Medica has a natural potency which is independent of taste and services to guide the compounding. Using ancient texts and generations of Tibetan Medical recipes, Tibetan doctors are still producing both of these types of medicines.
A simple remedy might contain 10 substances, whereas a more complex formula might contain as many as 70 ingredients. Remedies may be given as pills, powders, decoctions, concentrates, creams or lotions.
There are approximately 500 medicinal formulae currently in common usage. These remedies have the function of restoring the balance of the three Humors. Scientific studies are now demonstrating the efficacy of these Tibetan formulae. (International Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine, 2007)




A Tibetan Medical Apothecary
A Tibetan Medical Apothecary




Examples of Tibetan Medicines
Examples of Traditional Tibetan Medicines: The medicines are made according to an age-old tradition, which follows strict methods and uses sophisticated processing techniques.









If you’re in the New York City area and interested in learning more about what  ancient, traditional medicine has to offer us today, I highly recommend a visit to The Rubin Museum’s exhibit Bodies in Balance: The Art of Tibetan Medicine before it closes on September 8, 2014.
Here’s information about the exhibit.


The Rubin’s website also has an interesting interactive section about Tibetan Medicine in the 21st century. See:

Exhibition Preview Video

Are You In Balance? Take the Quiz:  According to Tibetan medical knowledge, the human body is composed of three forces (called nyepas in Tibetan) that are responsible for physical and mental well-being. Maintaining the balance of these forces ensures good health. To discover a patient’s dominant force or forces, a Tibetan doctor would perform a variety of diagnostic procedures, including an interview and observation of the body.
Take this quiz to answer a sampling of the questions a Tibetan doctor might ask you to determine your dominant force or forces. For each of the questions select the responses that best apply to the way you feel. For some questions more than one response may be possible, and you can select all of the responses that apply. If no responses apply, you can skip the question.

Nourish, Practice, Know:  A series of events and workshops that explore the power of food, contemplative practice, and life-long learning to help us balance our bodies.  Through outings to Jackson Heights kitchens, yoga and meditation classes, and our signature conversation series, we will hear from ethnobotanists, Tibetan doctors, chefs, aromatherapists, and others about the path to wellness.

Tibetan Medicine in the World Today : Tibetan medicine has long been practiced far beyond the Tibetan Plateau. As early as the seventh century, hagiographic accounts of the practice’s beginnings recall an international gathering of eminent physicians from India, China, and Persia that provided the initial momentum for its emergence. The term used for Tibetan doctors in many regions (amchi) is a Mongolian word and a Tibetan pharmacy relies extensively on raw ingredients not found on the Tibetan Plateau. Basic ingredients used in the majority of Tibetan formulas, such as chebulic and beleric myrobalan and the Indian gooseberry, as well as many other highly valued materials are not native to Tibet and have to be imported from other climate zones.
We invite you to explore the videos and photos gathered on this site to see how Tibetan medicine has continued to spread across the world, namely how it is practiced today throughout Asia, Europe, and North America.


Here’s some information from the Rubin Museum’s website about the current study and practice of Tibetan Medicine in countries around the modern world:
PADMA, INC.:  A Swiss pharmaceutical company called Padma Inc. now  produces registered Tibetan pharmaceuticals according to Western standards of pharmaceutical safety and efficacy. The company was established in 1969 by a Swiss businessman and a Polish doctor of Buryat origin. The first two products registered under Swiss law were based on formulas from Aginsk Monastery in Buryatia.



PADMA Circosan is a medicinal product produced in Switzerland according to a proven recipe of Tibetan medicine. This product is used for disorders with symptoms such as; tingling sensation, formication, feeling of heaviness and tension in the legs and arms, numbness of the hands and feet and calf cramps. According to the tradition of Tibetan medicine, the product has circulation-stimulating and anti-inflammatory effects and antibacterial properties in respiratory-tract infections. This is due to the multi-target concept of the formula with its many active substances.
PADMA Circosan is a medicinal product produced in Switzerland according to a proven recipe of Tibetan medicine. This product is used for disorders with symptoms such as; tingling sensation, formication, feeling of heaviness and tension in the legs and arms, numbness of the hands and feet and calf cramps.
According to the tradition of Tibetan medicine, the product has circulation-stimulating and anti-inflammatory effects and antibacterial properties in respiratory-tract infections. This is due to the multi-target concept of the formula with its many active substances.



Aginsky Datsan of Buryatia in 1914.
Aginsky Datsan of Buryatia in the Amur Basin of Eastern Siberia, 1914.


ROYAL EDINBURGH BOTANICAL GARDENS: The  Royal Edinburgh Botanical Gardens has a horticulture training aimed at helping Tibetan doctors face the challenge of cultivating medicinal plants that are quickly disappearing from the Tibetan Plateau. One of these plants is the blue Himalayan poppy, a plant that also grows in Scotland.


Himalayan Blue Poppy
Himalayan Blue Poppy



SHANG SHUNG INSTITUTE SCHOOL OF TIBETAN MEDICINE:  Originally established in Italy in 1989 by Chögyal Namkhai Norbu, the Shang Shung Institute School of Tibetan Medicine launched a branch in the United States in 1994 in Conway, Massachusetts. The Institute offers public programs to “deepen the knowledge and the understanding of the Tibetan cultural traditions in its religious…and medical…aspects in order to contribute to the…preservation of this culture.” The school is the first in the United States to offer a four-year curriculum in Tibetan medical practice.






There’s also an excellent – and beautiful –  book based on the exhibit, Bodies in Balance: The Art of Tibetan Medicine, edited by anthropologist Theresia Hofer, curator of the Bodies in Balance show.
From the preface to the book:

Tibetan Medicine had likely been the most complete, codified, and learned medicine that existed prior to the development of conventional Western biomedicine. It contained the knowledge of Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine concepts, complementing them with indigenous diagnostic and therapeutic methods and practices.

… The exhibition is entitled Bodies in Balance, which suggests that the major aim of Tibetan medicine is to heal the sick and suffering by restoring a lost balance, mentally and physically. This implies that behind the symptoms of disease there can be a wide variety of causes for the imbalance.

… The state of the mind is as important as that of the body when healing is concerned, a holistic view that transforms the scope of diagnosis and treatment.

– Jan Van Alphen, Director of Exhibitions, Collections and Research, Rubin Museum of Art



The book is available at the Rubin and also from Amazon.

Bodies in Balance: The Art of Tibetan Medicine is the first comprehensive, interdisciplinary exploration of the triangular relationship between the Tibetan art and science of healing (Sowa Rigpa), Buddhism, and the visual arts. This book is dedicated to the history, theory, and practice of Tibetan medicine, a unique and complex system of understanding body and mind, treating illness, and fostering health and well-being. Rooted in classical Indian medicine, Sowa Rigpa has been influenced by Chinese, Greco-Arab, and indigenous medical knowledge and practices and further developed within the context of Buddhism in Tibet. It adapted to new geographic, socio-cultural, and medical environments on the Tibetan Plateau, the Himalayas, and Mongolia and survives today as a living medical tradition whose principles are at the heart of many complementary therapies now widely used in the West. (Amazon, 2014)




Tenzin Nambul checking a patient's right and left pulses
Tenzin Nambul checking a patient’s right and left pulses. Pulse reading is a very important and complex method of diagnosis in Tibetan Medicine. It is done differently from other oriental traditional medicines. There are two major aspects of Pulse Diagnosis: Pulse reading to establish the individual’s underlying typology and Pulse reading to ascertain pathology. (International Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine, 2007)


Tibetan Medical Painting
Ancient Tibetan Medical Painting



The Tibetan Medicine Buddha: The "Atlas of Tibetan Medicine" or "Tibetan Medical Thanka" is preserved in the Museum of History in Ulan-Ude in Eastern Siberia.
The Tibetan Medicine Buddha: The “Atlas of Tibetan Medicine” or “Tibetan Medical Thanka” is preserved in the Museum of History in Ulan-Ude in Eastern Siberia.












Hot Stones
Hot Stone Therapy




Acupuncture: The knowledge of Tibetan acupuncture was lost for many years. Tibetan acupuncture differs from Chinese acupuncture. (International Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine, 2007)




Tibetan Massage: Ku Nye is the traditional Tibetan Medical m Massage can be used for the  prevention of disease as well as to treat disease.  Specific acupressure points and meridians are used as well as the specific therapeutic herbal oils. (International Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine, 2007)
Tibetan Massage: Ku Nye is the traditional Tibetan medical
massage used for the prevention of disease as well as to treat disease.
Specific acupressure points and meridians are used as well as specific therapeutic herbal oils. (International Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine, 2007)




Tibetan Moxa: Moxibustion is a heating therapy utilizing the herb leontopodium which is dried, crushed and formed into a cone that is burned and applied over specific points in order to provide heat. This is one of the most important external therapies used for cold conditions - such as digestive problems, poor circulation and dull pain. Specific points are used for different conditions. There are 20 different types of moxibustion in Tibetan Medicine, each using different materials. (International Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine, 2007)
Tibetan Moxa:  Moxibustion is a heating therapy utilizing the herb leontopodium which is dried, crushed and formed into a cone that is burned and applied over specific points in order to provide heat. This is one of the most important external therapies used for cold conditions – such as digestive problems, poor circulation and dull pain. Specific points are used for different conditions. There are 20 different types of moxibustion in Tibetan Medicine, each using different materials. (International Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine, 2007)




Vibrational Sound Therapy: Tibetan Singing Bowls
Vibrational Sound Therapy: Tibetan Singing Bowls: Here’s a video of a Tibetan Singing Bowl Meditation




Spices Used in Tibetan Medicine
Healing Spices Used in Cooking




Cupping Treatment
Cupping Treatment




Tibetan Yoga
Tibetan Yoga




Tibetan Meditation
Tibetan Meditation






There are many other traditional medical systems that developed around the world before the advent of modern medicine. They also regarded the mind and body as one and focused on healing imbalances in the system.
Some examples:


Traditional Chinese Medicine
Traditional Chinese Medicine
Aspects of Traditional Chinese Medicine are acupuncture, Chinese herbology, massage, exercise and nutritional therapy. Traditional Chinese Medicine is a 3000 year old tradition still used today by a quarter of the world’s population. It is based on the concept of Qi (pronounced chee) – the life force or vital energy. Qi is the animating force that serves to warm us, protect us from external pathogenic factors, promote the functions of the body and hold our organs and tissues in place.
As with Traditional Tibetan Medicine, the goal of Traditional Chinese Medicine is to guide the body back into balance. Traditional Chinese medicine is holistic, treating the whole person (mind, body, spirit), not just the illness. (San Francisco Natural Medicine, 2009)






Ayurvedic Principles
Ayurvedic Principles


Ayurvedic Healing, the science of life, is a system of therapies developed in India over 3,000 years ago and still practiced today. It’s concepts of health and disease include the use of herbs, nutrition, acupressure massage, Yoga, Jyotish (Vedic astrology), and panchakarma cleansing (a cleansing and rejuvenating program for the body, mind and consciousness, known for its beneficial effects on overall health, wellness and self-healing). (The Ayurvedic Institute, 2011)





Shamanism is a term used to describe “energy medicine” around the world. Shamans are individuals within a tribe, village or region who assist people in assist people in their community with matters of health -  physical, psychological or pertaining to the larger questions of life.
Shamanism is a term used to describe “energy medicine” around the world. Shamans are individuals within a tribe, village or region who assist people in assist people in their community with matters of health – physical, psychological or pertaining to the larger questions of life.


Shamans are wise healers, medicine men or women who possess deep knowledge of the preparation and uses of healing plants. They use this knowledge in conjunction with the forces of nature to effect cures. Unlike the focus of Western Medicine, from the shaman’s perspective, medicine is more about healing the person than curing a disease.
Shamans in the jungles of Amazonia and elsewhere around the world have passed their wisdom of the medicinal value of indigenous plants down from one generation to the next.
The Amazon, the world’s largest tropical forest, is home to a quarter of earth’s botanical species – as well as to hundreds of Indian tribes whose medicinal plants have never been studied by Western scientists.
A fascinating introduction in the ancient wisdom of shamans is Mark Plotkin’s Tales of a Shaman’s Apprentice: An Ethnobotanist Searches for New Medicines in the Amazon Rain Forest.
Aspirin, the world’s most widely used drug, is based on compounds originally extracted from the bard of a willow tree. More than a quarter of our pharmaceutical drugs contain plant compounds. Western Medicine, now faced with the health crises of AIDS, Alzheimer’s disease and cancers, has begun to look to the healing plants used by indigenous peoples to try to develop new pharmaceuticals. 
Plotkin is an ethnobotanist and plant explorer, an expert on rainforest ecosystems, an active advocate for rainforest conservation, and also quite a good writer.
I also highly recommend an award-winning documentary film about Plotkin’s adventures with shamans in the Amazon: The Shaman’s Apprentice: the search for knowledge in the Amazon rain forest. It’s 54 minutes long.















Homeopathy is a system of medicine that treats the individual with highly diluted substances, given mainly in tablet form, with the aim of triggering the body’s natural system of healing. Based on their specific symptoms, a homeopath will match the most appropriate medicine to each patient.
The principle of treating “like with like” dates back to Hippocrates (460-377BC) but in its current form, homeopathy has been widely used worldwide for more than 200 years.
It was developed by a German doctor, Samuel Hahnemann (1755-1843), who was shocked by the harsh medical practices of his day (which included blood-letting, purging and the use of poisons such as arsenic) and looked for a way to reduce the damaging side-effects associated with medical treatment. (Society of Homeopaths, 2014)
Hahnemann Hospital in Philadelphia was founded in 1885 to teach homeopathy to American students. It is now a center for Western Medicine.



Reflexology Chart: Soles of the Feet
Reflexology Chart: Soles of the Feet


Reflexology, or zone therapy, is an alternative medical practice involving the application of pressure to the feet, hands or ears with specific thumb, finger and hand techniques.  Reflexology is based on a system of zones and reflex areas that reflect an image of the body on the feet and hands to effect a physical change on the corresponding part of  the body.
Practices resembling reflexology have been documented in the histories of China and Egypt.
Zone therapy was introduced to the United States in 1913 by William H. Fitzgerald, M.D. (1872–1942), an ear, nose, and throat specialist, and Dr. Edwin Bowers. It was modified in the 1930’s and 1940’s by Eunice D. Ingham (1889–1974), a nurse and physiotherapist.  Ingham mapped the entire body into “reflexes” on the feet renaming “zone therapy” as reflexology. Modern reflexologists use Ingham’s methods or similar techniques developed by the reflexologist Laura Norman. (Wikipedia, 2014)






Human Energy Field
Human Energy Field
Quantum Healing evolved from the scientific principles of Quantum Physics.
Everything in the universe is made up of only matter and energy. Matter describes the physical things around us: our earth, the other planets, the atmosphere, trees, water, our bodies, etc.
Matter is actually energy condensed to a slower vibration that converts it to a more visible state.  Instead of disappearing after the conversion, energy particles continually transform in a never-ending process.  All reality exists on a subatomic level. 

Even the Greeks had already conceived the atomistic nature of matter and the concept was raised to a high degree of probability by the scientists of the nineteenth century.  But it was Planck’s law of radiation that yielded the first exact determination – independent of other assumptions – of the absolute magnitudes of atoms. More than that, he showed convincingly that in addition to the atomistic structure of matter there is a kind of atomistic structure to energy, governed by the universal constant h, which was introduced by Planck.– Albert Einstein




In the early 1900’s, theoretical physicist Albert Einstein postulated a formula of relativity, E=mc², in which E=energy. m=matter, and c²=the speed of light multiplied by itself.
This formula states that the mass of a body is a measure of its energy content – ie,  that mass and energy are two forms of the same thing. In the right condition (the near-to-light speed), mass can turn into energy and energy can turn into mass.


Albert Einstein
Albert Einstein
This relationship applied to our bodies and energy forms the basis of Quantum Healing.
All our physical and emotional difficulties have a counterpart in our energy system – and they can be treated at that level. The focus of Quantum Healing is on correcting the flow of blocked energy or energy that is out of harmony. This addresses the cause of the difficulty, not just its effect.
This kind of healing holistically transforms the cause. Most other approaches only try to treat the symptom.
A good introduction to Quantum Healing is The Living Matrix: A Film on the New Science of Healing. Here’s its trailer.











Ayurvedic Institute. (2011). See:  https://www.ayurveda.com/about/index.html

Becker, G. (2010). The Living Matrix: Film on the New Science of Healing.  See: http://www.amazon.com/Living-Matrix-Film-Science-Healing/dp/B002GZFG4W

Hofer, T. (2014). Bodies in Balance: The Art of Tibetan Medicine. See:  http://www.amazon.com/Bodies-Balance-The-Tibetan-Medicine/dp/0295993596/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1406126359&sr=8-1&keywords=bodies+in+balance

International Academy for Traditional Tibetan Medicine. (2007). Traditional Tibetan Medicine – An Overview.  See:  http://www.iattm.net/uk/faculties/ttm-intro.htm

Merriam-Webster. (2014). Disease.  See:  http://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/disease

Plotkin, M.J. (1993). Tales of a Shaman’s Apprentice: An Ethnobotanist Searches for New Medicines in the Amazon Rain Forest. Penguin Books.

Miranda Productions. (2001). The Shaman’s Apprentice: The Search for Knowledge in the Amazon Rain Forest. Film.

Rubin Museum of Himalayan Art. (2014). Bodies in Balance: The Art of Tibetan Medicine. See:  http://www.rubinmuseum.org/nav/exhibitions/view/2349

San Franciso Natural Medicine. (2009). Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
& Acupuncture.  See:  http://www.somaacupuncture.com/chinese-medicine.html

Society of Homeopaths. (2014). What is Homeopathy?  See:  http://www.homeopathy-soh.org/about-homeopathy/what-is-homeopathy/

Tibetan Wellness & Healing Center. (no date). See: http://www.tibetanhealth.com/tibetan-medicine.html

Wikipedia. (2014). Reflexology.  See:  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reflexology#History
© Copyright 2014 Joan Rothchild Hardin. All Rights Reserved.


DISCLAIMER:  Nothing on this site or blog is intended to provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.